balsam fir


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balsam fir

Herbal medicine
An evergreen, the root and needles of which once had currency as aromatic adjuncts in the sweat lodges of Native American, for whom it was used to treat asthma, colds, cough and as a laxative.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bed site and surrounding area were in the boreal forest cover type, with >90% canopy coverage of balsam fir above the bed site.
There was a statistically significant difference (using a t test at 95% confidence) between unincised and incised samples for uncoated eastern spruce (Picea glauca), western spruce, and balsam fir and end-coated eastern spruce.
By sunset that evening, nearly a foot of powdery snow--a skier's delight--had piled up in the forest of white birch and balsam fir that we had discovered.
Now UVM researchers find that balsam fir, white pine, and eastern hemlock are also falling prey to environmental stress as a result of calcium depletion.
Heavily browsed sites have a greater abundance of balsam fir (Abies balsamea) in the shrub layer, and the less browsed sites are dominated by hardwood shrubs.
McLaren and Peterson (1994) argued from data on wolves, moose and balsam fir (Abies balsamia) on Isle Royale, that predation by wolves controlled the moose population.
And in the absence of normally heavy wolf predation, the scientist watched the park's moose population explode and devastate its main winter food supply, the island's balsam fir stands.
A PCA (principal-components analysis) ordination of all quadrats shows a gradual change with time since fire from stands dominated by hardwoods (aspen and paper birch), to mixed stands with an important white spruce component, to coniferous stands dominated by balsam fir and white cedar.
My wife, my 4-year-old daughter, my dad, my brother, and I will snowshoe out into the woods in late afternoon, ready to choose a hemlock or a balsam fir and saw it down--I've had my eye on three or four likely candidates all year.
John Fylpaa, year-round naturalist at Lake Bemidji State Park on the northern shore, attributes it to the mix of trees, especially the balsam fir and other pines.
In the same way, tree injections would help balsam fir forests fight off the dreaded Spruce budworm.