ballistic stretching


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Stretching or 'warming up' using the momentum of a moving body or a limb in an attempt to force it beyond its normal range of motion, by bouncing in or out of a stretched position, using the stretched muscles as a spring to pull out of the stretched position; ballistic stretching is not considered useful and can lead to injury; it does not allow the muscles to adjust to, and relax in, the stretched position, but rather may cause them to tighten up by repeatedly activating the stretch reflex

ballistic stretching

Bouncing stretching Sports medicine Rapid, jerking movements in which a body part is moved with a momentum that would stretch the muscles to a maximum; during the bouncing motion, the muscle responds by contracting, to protect itself from overstretching
References in periodicals archive ?
Ballistic stretching incorporates bouncing movements in which the muscles and tendons are rapidly stretched and relaxed (Garber et al.
Wallin et al (1985) investigated the effect of 30 days of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and ballistic stretching, and 30 days of on-going PNF stretching with different stretching frequencies from one to five times a week.
1985) investigated the effect of 30 days of PNF and ballistic stretching, followed by 30 days of on-going PNF stretching alone.
2010a) did not find any significant differences on flexibility, jumping ability and leg functional characteristics of fencing performance after either static or ballistic stretching of the lower limbs in international level fencers, suggesting that both types of stretching can be used during pre-competition warm-up of a speed/power sport However, there is a lack of studies examining the effects of a realistic pre-competition warm-up, containing both stretching and potentiating exercises, on flexibility and muscle power.
The Acute Effects of Static and ballistic stretching of vertical jump performance in trained women.
The most common form of this stretching type is ballistic stretching, which imposes passive momentum to increase ROM on relaxed or contracted muscles.
The theme for this is warm-ups and cool downs, introducing dynamic and ballistic stretching.
2007) noted a decrease in vertical jump performance following a static stretching condition there was a less significant decrease in performance following ballistic stretching.
2005) The acute effects of static and ballistic stretching on vertical jump performance in trained women 41.
Since some people thought that ballistic stretching might not have the same effect, two of the authors repeated the study using ballistic stretching rather than static stretching.
2005) compared the influence of static and ballistic stretching on vertical jump and found no significant effects on jump performance.

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