balance theory

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bal·ance the·o·ry

in social psychology, a theory that assumes that steady and unsteady states can be specified for cognitive units (for example, a person and his or her attitudes or acts) and that such units tend to seek steady states (balance); for example, balance exists when both parts of a unit are evaluated the same, but disequilibrium arises when both parts are not evaluated the same, which causes either cognitive reevaluation of the parts or their segregation.
See also: cognitive dissonance theory, consistency principle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Such calculations are covered in over thirty-five examples of applications that balance theory with real-world considerations, with chapters showing how the FEM method has become a common engineering tool.
Within the eight chapters, the authors try to balance theory, practice, and policy to present a well-rounded view of what educators, parents, and administrators need to know about the implications of RtI for gifted learners.
Structural balance theory considers the positive or negative ties between three individuals, or triads, and suggests that "the friend of my enemy is my enemy" triangle is more stable and should be more common than "the friend of my friend is my enemy" triangle.
Second, we introduce information integration theory and balance theory as the foundation oil which we base our hypotheses development.
Key aspects addressed in this document include food deserts, the Food Balance Theory, The Convenience Food Factor, food access and an excerpt from an in-depth study on the Impact of Food Deserts on Public Health in Chicago.
As Bazerman reminds us, balance theory emphasizes that we want consistency when we organize our thoughts and think about our expertise.
They balance theory with direct applications in a non-technical format that considers the needs of researchers and students at a range of levels of mathematical background, and along with providing material on basic probability they provide tools for advanced research projects.
In the short run, the portfolio balance theory is further supported by all the exchange rates but the goods market theory is supported significantly only by the NZ-Australian dollar exchange rate.
As at previous AIATSIS Conferences, it is anticipated that there will be considerable Indigenous participation, introduced to the Conference through: flexibility of format so that convenors can structure sessions in appropriate ways; speakers being encouraged to balance theory with its impact at the community level; allowing speakers to present in their first language with interpreters providing English translations where necessary; Indigenous participants having a greater profile by chairing sessions and a greater numerical presence.
First, Kanebo created a compound of crud drugs based on the balance theory in Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicine.
Balance theory (Heider, 1958; Newcomb, 1961; Roccas & Brewer, 2002) suggests that, even when the player performs poorly, highly identified subjects may be expected to continue their bias in favor of the target player.