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The preparation of comestibles by heating. In meats, overcooking can result in the production of carcinogenic polycyclic amines; undercooking carries the risk of parasitic (e.g., Taenia solium, T saginatus) or bacterial (e.g., Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Salmonella spp) infections.


[L. coquere, to cook]
The process of heating foods to prepare them for eating. Cooking makes most foods more palatable and easier to chew, improves their digestibility (and sometimes their nutrient bioavailability), and destroys or inactivates harmful organisms, or toxins that may be present. Cooking releases the aromatic substances and extractives that contribute odors and taste to foods. These odors help to stimulate the appetite.


Not all toxic substances are inactivated by heat. Most microorganisms and parasites are destroyed in the ordinary process of cooking when the food is heated to internal temperatures of 160°F to 175°F. Pork must be cooked completely throughout to kill the encysted larvae of Trichinella.


Protein: Soluble proteins become coagulated. Soluble substances: These, including heat-labile vitamins, are often inactivated by boiling, and even mineral substances and starches, although insoluble to a certain extent, may be altered in this process. Starch: The starch granules swell and are changed from insoluble (raw) starch to soluble starch capable of being converted into sugar during digestion and of being assimilated in the system.

References in periodicals archive ?
And she's found sons Rory, 11, and Hamish, nine, enjoy joining in with baking, too.
Like all Auto-Bake ovens, the new two-panwide convection oven is easily integrated into existing baking processes, allowing bakers to retain existing 'make up' and ancillary equipment.
Line 2 baking sheets with Silpats or parchment paper.
As much as I love the baking process, however, I maintain that the best part of bread-making, spiritual benefits aside, is tasting that first, warm slice fresh out of the oven.
I then moved on to another establishment to work as a baking and pastry chef assistant, and that's when I really started to feel the love of it.
But baking 50 pies seems like a lot for one person.
Promote the Family Fun aspect of baking, using the different shapes to help bring the message home to your customers.
Baking soda is a base, explains Lynn Turner, a professor of food science at North Carolina State University.
Easy to navigate, the multi-level site is a 'first portal of call' for baking professionals the world over who are looking to learn more about continuous baking systems and the latest Auto-Bake advances.
You get a lot of bang for your baking buck,'' Greenspan says.