Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
bac·te·ri·al en·do·car·di·tis(bak-tēr'ē-ăl en'dō-kahr-dī'tis)
bacterial endocarditisSee INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS.
endocarditisinflammation of heart lining
bacterial endocarditis blood-borne bacterial colonization of heart lining, with inflammation, fibrosis, deformity and roughening of heart valve leaflets; damaged valves are prone to subsequent bacterial colonization (with distant infection by dissemination of infected thrombi) or clot formation (and myocardial infarct or cerebrovascular accident); it is recommended that subjects with damaged heart valves (e.g. with history of rheumatic fever) undergo all surgical procedures under prophylactic antibiotic cover (e.g. adult 3 g oral amoxicillin 1 hour prior to procedure, or 600 mg oral clindamycin if patient is penicillin-sensitive or had received oral penicillin within the preceding month)
acute bacterial endocarditis endocarditis due to infection with haemolytic streptococci or staphylococci
subacute bacterial endocarditis endocarditis usually due to infection with Streptococcus viridans or Staphylococcus faecalis