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; history, observation, examination mnemonic for assessment of musculoskeletal symptoms (Table 1)
Table 1: The history, observation, examination (HOE) model for assessment of patients with musculoskeletal symptoms
HistoryBiographical information
General medical history (such as duration of symptoms/disease, medications, disease activity markers)
Presenting symptoms - pain maps, patient-completed baseline health outcome measures)
ObservationNon-weight-bearingMusculoskeletal system/disease state:
  • Limb alignment

  • Joint/soft-tissue swelling

  • Dermal signs

Presenting complaint:
  • Dimensions and numbers of visible lesions

  • Record of tender/swollen joints

Footwear assessment
  • Suitability

  • Wear patterns

  • Distortion of uppers

Weight-bearingLimb alignment
  • Joint/limb segment alignment

  • Foot posture at relaxed calcaneal stance

Comparison with non-weight-bearing observations
Observation of gait
ExaminationProvocation of symptoms/pain
  • Palpation

  • Active motion

  • Passive motion

Systematic palpation and movement of structures, from proximal to distal
  • Bony structures

  • Joints

  • Soft tissues

  • Radiograph

  • Magnetic resonance imaging

  • HRUS

HRUS, high-resolution ultrasound.


n an angled instrument with the broad dimension of its blade perpendicular to the axis of the shank of the shaft.
References in periodicals archive ?
High Manufacturing Cost of Backhoe Loaders- For a full, detailed list, view our report
Lord Bamford, who was born on the same day his father founded JCB, added: "The backhoe loader was the building block for the success of JCB, and while we now produce many other machines for construction, agricultural and industrial machines, it remains one of our most important products.
In recent times, significant growth of the construction industry is a major driver of global backhoe loader market because it is this growth in the construction industry that is generating a huge demand for backhoe loaders for performing various tasks.
Now sold in 120 countries, JCB's backhoe loader was first made in 1953 and recently achieved a 500,000-production milestone.
And the latest order comes after JCB Brazil successfully supplied more than 1,000 backhoes last year to the same customer as part of the first phase of the development of rural roads.
Both H930S and H940S series provide the operator with excellent backhoe performance and productivity, its makers say.
In addition, the new Hyundai backhoe loader offers excellent visibility, easier serviceability and ensures operator safety, the statement added.
AUBURN -- A Worcester businessman with a 17-page criminal record was ordered held without bail Thursday pending a dangerousness hearing on charges that included driving drunk in a full-sized yellow construction backhoe -- his seventh drunken driving charge.
This fitting is usually passed over because it's in the dark when the backhoe is in the transport position.
Procurement Wheel Loader Backhoe Supplies Equipped with Snowblower and Snow Blade, Under the Purchase Equipment for Emergency Interventions By Association Intercommunity Grocery-Ibanesti, Vaslui County Financed By the Eafrd
com takes an in-depth look at what backhoe loaders can do, the machinery and components that make it possible and their basic operation.
And if that answer is "yes," some manufacturers suggest that a backhoe loader might be better suited for small jobs in tight fits like metropolitan jobsites.