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back

(bak), [TA]
1. Posterior aspect of trunk, below neck and above buttocks.
2. Vertebral column with associated muscles (erector spinae and transversospinalis) and overlying integument.
See: dorsum.

back

(bak) the posterior part of the trunk from the neck to the pelvis.
angry back  excited skin syndrome.

back

(băk)
n.
1.
a. The part of the trunk of the human body along and to the sides of the spine between the neck and the pelvis; the dorsum.
b. The analogous dorsal region in other animals.
2. The backbone or spine.

back′less adj.

back

Etymology: AS, baec
the posterior or dorsal portion of the trunk of the body between the neck and the pelvis. The back is divided by a middle furrow that lies over the tips of the spinous processes of the vertebrae. The skeletal portion of the back includes the thoracic and the lumbar vertebrae and both scapulae. The nerves that innervate the various muscles of the back arise from the segmental spinal nerves.

back

(bak) [TA]
1. Posterior aspect of trunk, below neck and above buttocks.
2. Vertebral column with associated muscles (erector spinae and transversospinalis) and overlying integument.
See: dorsum

back

(bak) [TA]
1. Area on a débridement instrument where lateral surfaces meet or are continuous to its formation.
2. Portion of instrument working-end opposite its face. Sickle scalers have a pointed back, curettes a rounded one.
3. Posterior aspect of trunk, below neck and above buttocks.
4. Vertebral column with associated muscles (erector spinae and transversospinalis) and overlying integument.
See: dorsum

back,

n the posterior or dorsal portion of the trunk of the body between the neck and the pelvis. The skeletal portion of the back includes the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae and both scapulae. The nerves that innervate the muscles of the back include some branches of the dorsal primary divisions of the spinal nerves, the lateral branches of the dorsal primary division of the middle and lower cervical nerves, and some branches of the ventral primary division of the spinal nerves.

back

see also dorsum.

back arched upwards
humped back posture as in subacute abdominal pain.
cold back
horse resents the saddle being placed in position and the girth tightened. May be due to pain in back or to disinclination to wear the saddle.
hollow back
the natural concave line of the backbone is exaggerated.
back muscle necrosis
is characterized by pain and swelling over the backs of pigs. The pigs are reluctant to move and there is arching or lateral flexion of the spine. Subsequently there is atrophy of the muscles. See also porcine stress syndrome.
back pain
pain expressed when pressure is applied to the back. Spondylosis, injury to dorsal spinous processes and muscle sprain are amongst the common causes. A special area of interest in the horse, because of its importance in restricting movement and causing abnormalities of gait.
back raking
manual removal of the feces from the rectum. Performed often in the preliminaries to pregnancy diagnosis in mares and cows. Carried out cosmetically in horses and especially elephants just before a circus or other performing act.
back Shu points
acupuncturese for association points along the back.

Patient discussion about back

Q. My son is complaining about back pain. I also see that his back isn't straight. What can we do? My son is a adorable 8 years old. He is complaining about back pain, that bothers him after he walks a little. I also saw that his back isn't straight and looks like a S. is this deformity connected to his back pain?

A. The normal shape of the spine is very similar to the "S" shape as you can see here
http://www.digitalartform.com/archives/images/spineTest1.jpg
But even if his back isn't deformated, he has back pain and you need to take care of that by going to your pediatrician.

Q. I want to know the treatments for back pain

A. well, tester1234, you are asking a very general question. back pain is a symptom. and the best way to get rid of a symptom is by eliminating the cause. back pain have many causes- not sitting right, posture problems, Spinal disc herniation, muscles not strong and long enough, kidney problems sometime feels like lower back problems. i had a problem with posture. so i went to Rolfing therapist- really helped.

Q. I have a lower back pain for more than 3 months what should I do? I am a 55 years old man, and i work as a truck-driver. In the last 3 months i have a back ache that is disturbing my life. Its really annoying me. When I wake up I am usually fine, but after 10 minutes of driving the pain starts and it doesn't stop till I go back to bed. What can I do? my GP told me to take Tylenol, but it's just not helping.

A. A constant low back pain can be a result of a lot of things. A friend of mine (63 years old) had a back pain and she didn't pay enough attention to it assuming its just nothing. In the end it was due to metastatic lung cancer.
here you can see the major "Red Flags" that encourage you take an extra appointment with your GP
http://www.medinfo.co.uk/conditions/lowbackpain.html

More discussions about back
References in periodicals archive ?
Del Potro's backhand has been hindered by a series of surgeries to repair problems with his left wrist.
During the acceleration phase, the shoulder impact force of the two-handed backhand mainly moved backward and leftward (Figure 1 (a) and (b)).
The backhand isn't what necessarily won him the match but it caused so many problems for Verdasco and he didn't have any answers to that shot at all.
Murray missed a second chance but placed a backhand just inside the line on the third.
The depth to the Djokovic return was becoming an increasing problem for Nadal and the six-time major winner quickly had a second set break to reflect his dominance in the rallies, after a stinging backhand service return.
Serving for the match at 5-2 she cracked down yet another ace, her 102nd of the tournament, then powered in another unreturnable serve before finishing off with a backhand winner.
He took the latter opportunity too, as a short return brought Murray scrambling to the net and a shovelled shot allowed Federer to rip a backhand pass that the Brit could only loop long of the baseline with an attempted block volley.
The 30-year-old's backhand down the line was proving to be a crucial shot and he used it again to bring up a third break point in the third game of the second set, which he took with a forehand winner.
Gasquet retrieved two early mini-breaks but Murray came out on top in a mammoth backhand rally and then moved to set point when the 17th seed miscued a forehand, taking it with a big serve.
In one four-shot succession, she drove still one more forehand over the baseline, jammed a crosscourt forehand winner into the backhand court, then another forehand over the line, then another crosscourt forehand winner.
A lucky netcord helped the 23-year-old recover from 0-30 to hold for 2-2, and finally he seemed to loosen up, with a terrific backhand return giving him two more break points.
Federer pounced early in the third set, breaking serve in the fourth game to lead 3-1 as Marcos sprayed a backhand wide.