back-translation

back-translation

The process of translating a document that was translated from one language to another back to the original language. Back-translation is a mechanism that ensures that consent forms, surveys and other clinical trial documents are clear and accurate in the translated form.
References in periodicals archive ?
Schongauer's prototype must have been the customary schema for the Flight into Egypt, which is what his group becomes in both pictures here, but the fact that his print includes an old woman riding a horse as opposed to the youthful Virgin Mary on an ass makes for a distinctly unsatisfactory back-translation.
Present study employed the Brislin's (1970) back-translation procedure to translate Machiavellianism (Mach IV; Christie and Geis, 1970) and Moral Integrity Scale (Schlenker, 2006).
I followed the translation and back-translation procedure recommended by Brislin (1980) to ensure conceptual consistency.
The back-translation was approved by the author of the original FOUR score.
The method has seven stages: 1) translation of the original interview, 2) back-translation, 3) evaluation of semantic equivalence, 4) preparation of the synthesis version, 5) pre-test in the target population, 6) preparation of the final version, 7) second pre-test in the target population with final impressions provided by specialists in the area.
cognitive function, electrophysiology) to facilitate new drug discovery; b) validate the use of sMRI and fMRI-based endophenotypes in genetically-selected healthy volunteers, infants at risk for ASD, and children and adults (including twins) with and without ASD, as early and surrogate markers for efficacy; and to combine this with PET approaches to provide guidance regarding optimal clinical trial design; and c) identify biomarkers that can be used to stratify patients within an umbrella DSM-diagnosis, thus allowing for targeted clinical trials, individualized treatment and back-translation of subgroup-specific biomarkers into preclinical drug discovery.
the ASDA(C), using a multistage back-translation technique, and examine the psychometric properties of the scale.
The scale was structured in a five point Likert scale format (1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree), and was adapted to both Spanish and Chinese using the back-translation method proposed by Brislin (1970) and Willgerodt, Kataoka-Yahiro, Kim, and Ceria (2005).
The back-translation highlighted a few minor discrepancies between the forward translation and the original version: "I feel .
Sample and Method: For the translation / adaptation of PANSI into Urdu, methods of forward and back-translation were followed.
Back-Translation, Missing Data, Normality, and Reliability) which need long time to look at deeply, especially, for the researchers who are not well-established in research methods.