bacille Calmette-Guérin

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Related to bacille Calmette-Guerin: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin

bacille

 [bah-sēl]
bacille Calmette-Guērin (BCG) Mycobacterium bovis that has been rendered completely avirulent by cultivation over a long period on bile-glycerol-potato medium. See also bcg vaccine and BCG solution.

ba·cil·le Cal·mette-Gué·rin (BCG),

(bah-sēl' kahl-met' gā-rĭn[h]'),
An attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used in the preparation of BCG vaccine that is used for immunization against tuberculosis and in cancer chemotherapy.
[Fr.]

bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)

[kalmet′gāran′]
Etymology: Léon C.A. Calmette, French bacteriologist, 1863-1933; Camille Guérin, French bacteriologist, 1872-1961
an attenuated strain of the Mycobacterium bovis bacillus that is given as a live bacterial vaccine to prevent the development of tuberculosis. It is most often administered intradermally, with a multiple-puncture disk. When administered to infants in high-prevalence areas, there is some evidence that it prevents the more serious forms of tuberculosis. It may have some efficacy against leprosy. BCG is also instilled into the bladder as a treatment for bladder cancer to stimulate the immune response in people who have certain kinds of malignancy. It induces a positive tuberculin reaction and may mask early, active infection by removing the diagnostic sign of conversion from the negative to the positive skin reaction. See also tuberculin test, tuberculosis.

bCG

Bacille Calmette-Guerin. A strain of Mycobacterium bovis which has been grown multiple generations on potato bile glycerine agar, to a point where the strain is not regarded as pathogenic. It is used to nonspecifically stimulate the immune response in patients with certain malignancies—e.g., melanoma.

BCG

Abbreviation for:
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (Medspeak-UK)  
bromcresol green
bronchocentric granulomatosis

ba·cil·le Cal·mette-Gué·rin

(BCG) (bah-sēl' kahl-met' gā-răn[h]')
An attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used in the preparation of BCG vaccine, which is used for immunization against tuberculosis and leprosy and in cancer chemotherapy.
Synonym(s): Calmette-Guérin bacillus.
[Fr.]

Calmette,

Leon Charles Albert, French bacteriologist, 1863-1933.
Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin - an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used for immunization against tuberculosis and in cancer chemotherapy. Synonym(s): Bacille Calmette-Guérin; Calmette-Guérin bacillus
Bacille Calmette-Guérin - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine - a vaccine for tuberculosis prophylaxis. Synonym(s): BCG vaccine
Calmette test - conjunctival reaction to tuberculin.
Calmette-Guérin bacillus - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
Calmette-Guérin vaccine - Synonym(s): bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine

Guérin,

Camille, French bacteriologist, 1872-1961.
Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin - see under Calmette
Bacille Calmette-Guérin - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine - see under Calmette
Calmette-Guérin bacillus - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
Calmette-Guérin vaccine - Synonym(s): bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine

bacille Calmette-Guérin

see bcg.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intravesical bacille Calmette-Guerin versus mitomycin C in superficial bladder cancer: Formal meta-analysis of comparative studies on tumor progression.
Protection against melanoma by vaccination with Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and/or Vaccinia: an epidemiology-based hypothesis on the nature of a melanoma risk factor and its immunological control.
Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine-induced disease in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children.
Granulomatous renal mass after treatment with intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guerin.
Osteitis caused by bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccination: a retrospective analysis of 222 cases.
Unlike the TST, positive rates of QFT were not related to prior Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination, but correlated with background active TB and suspect rates, as well as known risks for TB.
In young infants, it is possible that prior exposure to bacille Calmette-Guerin immunisation at birth may prime the immune system for an IRIS-like response on exposure to M.
Until 2007, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination should be contraindicated in infants with symptomatic HIV disease in countries with a high burden of tuberculosis.
Unique gene expression profiles in infants vaccinated with different strains of Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin.
In areas where tuberculosis is endemic, the recommendation is that all newborn babies, irrespective of HIV exposure, must be routinely immunised with the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine.
22) The American Joint Committee on Cancer conducted a large cohort study of 734 patients with stage I to III melanoma and found that bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine as an adjuvant to dacarbazine delayed the progression of disease and improved survival.
BCG is shorthand for bacille Calmette-Guerin, the bacterium that bears the names of the two scientists who created the vaccine by weakening a strain of cattle tuberculosis in 1921.