bacille Calmette-Guérin


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bacille

 [bah-sēl]
bacille Calmette-Guērin (BCG) Mycobacterium bovis that has been rendered completely avirulent by cultivation over a long period on bile-glycerol-potato medium. See also bcg vaccine and BCG solution.

ba·cil·le Cal·mette-Gué·rin (BCG),

(bah-sēl' kahl-met' gā-rĭn[h]'),
An attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used in the preparation of BCG vaccine that is used for immunization against tuberculosis and in cancer chemotherapy.
[Fr.]

bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)

[kalmet′gāran′]
Etymology: Léon C.A. Calmette, French bacteriologist, 1863-1933; Camille Guérin, French bacteriologist, 1872-1961
an attenuated strain of the Mycobacterium bovis bacillus that is given as a live bacterial vaccine to prevent the development of tuberculosis. It is most often administered intradermally, with a multiple-puncture disk. When administered to infants in high-prevalence areas, there is some evidence that it prevents the more serious forms of tuberculosis. It may have some efficacy against leprosy. BCG is also instilled into the bladder as a treatment for bladder cancer to stimulate the immune response in people who have certain kinds of malignancy. It induces a positive tuberculin reaction and may mask early, active infection by removing the diagnostic sign of conversion from the negative to the positive skin reaction. See also tuberculin test, tuberculosis.

bCG

Bacille Calmette-Guerin. A strain of Mycobacterium bovis which has been grown multiple generations on potato bile glycerine agar, to a point where the strain is not regarded as pathogenic. It is used to nonspecifically stimulate the immune response in patients with certain malignancies—e.g., melanoma.

BCG

Abbreviation for:
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (Medspeak-UK)  
bromcresol green
bronchocentric granulomatosis

ba·cil·le Cal·mette-Gué·rin

(BCG) (bah-sēl' kahl-met' gā-răn[h]')
An attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used in the preparation of BCG vaccine, which is used for immunization against tuberculosis and leprosy and in cancer chemotherapy.
Synonym(s): Calmette-Guérin bacillus.
[Fr.]

Calmette,

Leon Charles Albert, French bacteriologist, 1863-1933.
Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin - an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used for immunization against tuberculosis and in cancer chemotherapy. Synonym(s): Bacille Calmette-Guérin; Calmette-Guérin bacillus
Bacille Calmette-Guérin - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine - a vaccine for tuberculosis prophylaxis. Synonym(s): BCG vaccine
Calmette test - conjunctival reaction to tuberculin.
Calmette-Guérin bacillus - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
Calmette-Guérin vaccine - Synonym(s): bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine

Guérin,

Camille, French bacteriologist, 1872-1961.
Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin - see under Calmette
Bacille Calmette-Guérin - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine - see under Calmette
Calmette-Guérin bacillus - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
Calmette-Guérin vaccine - Synonym(s): bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine

bacille Calmette-Guérin

see bcg.