baboon syndrome

baboon syndrome

A term used to describe a special type of drug eruption characterised as a systemic contact-type dermatitis. The name obtains from the bright red, well-demarcated anogenital lesions, which the original authors likened to the baboon bottom. The lesions are usually associated with a symmetric eczematous eruption involving the axillae, antecubital fossae, eyelids, and lateral neck.
References in periodicals archive ?
Systemic contact dermatitis is rare but possible and occurs as a flare-up at a patch test site or as a generalized eruption with fever commonly in the form of the baboon syndrome, an erythema of the buttocks and upper inner thighs that resembles the red bottom of a baboon.
The baboon syndrome of dermatitis across the perianal and perigenital areas, as well as the eyelids and upper inner thighs, is associated with eating raw cashew nuts, among other things, she said at the meeting, cosponsored by the American Contact Dermatitis Society.