azithromycin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

azithromycin

 [az-ith″ro-mi´sin]
a macrolide antibiotic derived from erythromycin, effective against a wide range of gram-positive, gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria; administered orally or intravenously.

azithromycin

/az·ith·ro·my·cin/ (az-ith″ro-mi´sin) a macrolideantibiotic derived from erythromycin, effective against a wide range of gram-positive, gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria.

azithromycin

(ə-zĭth′rə-mī′sĭn)
n.
A macrolide antibiotic, C38H72N2O12, used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

azithromycin

a macrolide antibiotic that suppresses the formation of protein by bacteria, retards bacterial growth, or causes death of the microorganisms. It does not suppress hepatic metabolism of other drugs like the macrolide prototype erythromycin and has a very long half-life, which makes it an appealing therapy against susceptible microorganisms.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of mild to moderate infections by certain bacteria in adults, including respiratory tract infections, skin disorders, and sexually transmitted diseases.
contraindications The drug should not be given to patients with allergies to erythromycin or any macrolide antibiotics or with kidney or liver diseases. Its safety has not been established for women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
adverse effects The side effects most often reported include diarrhea, loose stools, nausea, stomach pains, or vomiting.

azithromycin

A broad-spectrum, once-daily, advanced-generation macrolide antibiotic used to manage community-acquired and other pneumonias caused by Stretococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, C pneumoniae, M pneumoniae, chlamydial infections, UTIs, Mycobacterium avium complex and possibly also toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis.
 
Adverse effects
Diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, vertigo, photosensitivity, hearing loss, injection-site pain.
 
Relative contraindications
Cystic fibrosis, nosocomial infections, bacteremia, advanced age, general debilitation.

azithromycin

Zithromax® Infectious disease A broad-spectrum once-daily advanced-generation macrolide antibiotic used to manage community-acquired and other pneumonias caused by S pneumoniae, H influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, C pneumoniae, M pneumoniae, chlamydial infections, UTIs, MAC, possibly also toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis Adverse effects Diarrhea, N&V, abdominal pain, vertigo, photosensitivity, hearing loss, injection site pain Relative contraindications Cystic fibrosis, nosocomial infections, bacteremia, elderly, debilitated Pts. See Community-acquired pneumonia.

azithromycin

An ANTIBIOTIC drug used in the treatment of a range of infections including genital Chlamydia. A brand name is Zithromax.

a·zith·ro·my·cin

(ă-zithrō-mīsin)
An antibiotic in the macrolide group.
[azithromycin [coined from parts of the chemical name]]

azithromycin (əzith´rōmī´sin),

n brand name: Zithromax;
drug class: macrolide antibiotic;
action: binds to 50S ribosomal subunits of susceptible bacteria and suppresses protein synthesis; similar spectrum of activity to erythromycin;
uses: infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract, uncomplicated skin infections.

azithromycin

a macrolide antibiotic used in the treatment of toxoplasmosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study evaluated the use of azithromycin adjunctive therapy, in addition to standard antibiotic prophylaxis, to reduce the risk of postoperative infections in women receiving nonelective c-sections.
gonorrhoeae isolates had extremely high MICs (>256 [micro]g/mL) for azithromycin and MICs of 0.
Despite nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) being negative for Chlamydia trachomatis, dual treatment with a cephalosporin plus either azithromycin or doxycycline is recommended by ACOG to prevent resistance to cephalosporins.
This made it the most dependent place on azithromycin in the country, which leaves Liverpool most vulnerable to bacteria such as gonorrhoea that are resistant to it.
Ancillary analyses suggested that study subjects with asthma treated with azithromycin exhibited a large and statistically significant improvement in LCQ score, when compared with those treated with placebo.
Keywords: Trachoma, Antibiotic, Azithromycin, Tetracycline, Drug therapy.
There is no defined azithromycin paediatric dosage for the secondary prevention of rheumatic fever in penicillin allergy.
Conclusion: Oral azithromycin 500 mg daily for three days may be used safely and effectively for the treatment of active trachoma.
In the current study, 90-day mortality in 31,863 patients aged 65 years and older who were exposed to azithromycin was significantly lower than in an equal number of matched controls who were not exposed (17.
After the publication of this study, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also warned the public of the risk posed by the common antibiotic, azithromycin, to the heart.