azithromycin


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azithromycin

 [az-ith″ro-mi´sin]
a macrolide antibiotic derived from erythromycin, effective against a wide range of gram-positive, gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria; administered orally or intravenously.

azithromycin

/az·ith·ro·my·cin/ (az-ith″ro-mi´sin) a macrolideantibiotic derived from erythromycin, effective against a wide range of gram-positive, gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria.

azithromycin

(ə-zĭth′rə-mī′sĭn)
n.
A macrolide antibiotic, C38H72N2O12, used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

azithromycin

a macrolide antibiotic that suppresses the formation of protein by bacteria, retards bacterial growth, or causes death of the microorganisms. It does not suppress hepatic metabolism of other drugs like the macrolide prototype erythromycin and has a very long half-life, which makes it an appealing therapy against susceptible microorganisms.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of mild to moderate infections by certain bacteria in adults, including respiratory tract infections, skin disorders, and sexually transmitted diseases.
contraindications The drug should not be given to patients with allergies to erythromycin or any macrolide antibiotics or with kidney or liver diseases. Its safety has not been established for women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
adverse effects The side effects most often reported include diarrhea, loose stools, nausea, stomach pains, or vomiting.

azithromycin

A broad-spectrum, once-daily, advanced-generation macrolide antibiotic used to manage community-acquired and other pneumonias caused by Stretococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, C pneumoniae, M pneumoniae, chlamydial infections, UTIs, Mycobacterium avium complex and possibly also toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis.
 
Adverse effects
Diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, vertigo, photosensitivity, hearing loss, injection-site pain.
 
Relative contraindications
Cystic fibrosis, nosocomial infections, bacteremia, advanced age, general debilitation.

azithromycin

Zithromax® Infectious disease A broad-spectrum once-daily advanced-generation macrolide antibiotic used to manage community-acquired and other pneumonias caused by S pneumoniae, H influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, C pneumoniae, M pneumoniae, chlamydial infections, UTIs, MAC, possibly also toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis Adverse effects Diarrhea, N&V, abdominal pain, vertigo, photosensitivity, hearing loss, injection site pain Relative contraindications Cystic fibrosis, nosocomial infections, bacteremia, elderly, debilitated Pts. See Community-acquired pneumonia.

azithromycin

An ANTIBIOTIC drug used in the treatment of a range of infections including genital Chlamydia. A brand name is Zithromax.

a·zith·ro·my·cin

(ă-zithrō-mīsin)
An antibiotic in the macrolide group.
[azithromycin [coined from parts of the chemical name]]

azithromycin (əzith´rōmī´sin),

n brand name: Zithromax;
drug class: macrolide antibiotic;
action: binds to 50S ribosomal subunits of susceptible bacteria and suppresses protein synthesis; similar spectrum of activity to erythromycin;
uses: infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract, uncomplicated skin infections.

azithromycin

a macrolide antibiotic used in the treatment of toxoplasmosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
They were then randomized to receive either doxycycline or azithromycin, and followed up with chlamydia testing 28 days after treatment, which included genotyping to distinguish between treatment failure and reinfection.
During the 2011-2013 surveillance period, azithromycin MICs for 35 of 36 Shigella spp.
The looming dilemma is that the azithromycin or doxycycline used for gonorrhea will not stop many of the infections by M.
About 348,000 recorded prescriptions of azithromycin were compared with millions of similar records from people who were not treated with antibiotics or were treated with other antibiotics.
The control group was significantly more likely to be PCR positive than the birds treated with azithromycin for 21 days (P = .
Both Pfizer's Zithromax(R) and a generic azithromycin launched
Because treatment with doxycycline or azithromycin is highly effective, women usually do not need retesting for chlamydia after treatment unless their symptoms persist or reinfection is suspected.
51268) for the import certificate to India via India's Central Drugs Standard Control Organization Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, TPI's JCM has successfully passed the preliminary examination in December 30, 2014, and notified on January 16, 2015 by the Directorate General Of Health Services, Office of Drug Controller General (India) Import and Registration Division for the application to import Azithromycin API products and intermediates to send in samples of Azithromycin API from three different lots for analysis.
As a consequence, third-generation cephalosporins are used as first-line drugs for intravenous treatment, and azithromycin is frequently used for empirical treatment of uncomplicated enteric fever.
The two regimens produced similar cure rates--76% in the doxycycline arm, and 80% in the azithromycin arm, Dr.
Alarge study of Danish national data found no significantly increased cardiovascular risk from taking azithromycin, results that are different from, but perhaps not contradictory to, a recent report that prompted the Food and Drug Administration to beef up warnings about the antibiotic.
In contrast, azithromycin did not increase the risk of hypotension.