axon terminal

axon terminal

The ending of an axon which releases neurotransmitters onto a synaptic space near another neurones, muscle cell or gland.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eleven of the 16 peripheral processes having club-like endings did not branch between the cell body and the axon terminal (Figs.
When an action potential travels along a nerve and arrives at the axon terminal, it triggers the secretion of a neurotransmitter that allows the passage of a signal from one neuron to its neighbour via the synaptic cleft.
This protein is a neuro-transmitter that is released from a pre-synaptic axon terminal of a nerve cell.
When an action potential reaches the axon terminal and stimulates a rise in the concentration of calcium, this ion stimulates the vesicle to fuse with the cell membrane and release the neurotransmitter into the small synaptic gap between cells.
When one neuron connects with another, an axon terminal from the first cell reaches out and almost touches a dendrite of the other, leaving a gap of about a millionth of an inch.
The cell numbers remained elevated at 30 days PD suggesting that CNTF may play a role in the sprouting process within the axon terminal field.
In contrast, inputs in vertebrate neurons generally are exclusively received over the soma and its dendritic tree, quite separate from the output region at the axon terminal [28, 29].
Neurotropic viruses, such as Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1), first enter the axon terminal and are transported to the cell body where they replicate in the nucleus.
Reflecting the partitioning of visual information into parallel channels, the retinal layer in which bipolar cell axon terminals meet their synaptic partners, is highly organized: This so-called inner plexiform layer effectively serves as the retina s switch board : The input is provided by the different bipolar cell channels , while the output is carried by an even larger number of channels, represented by ganglion cells that form the optic nerve.
Calcium influx studies on the axon terminals of the NL also confirmed the expression and function of TRPC3.
Functional architecture of synapses in the inner retina: segregation of visual signals by stratification of bipolar cell axon terminals.