axillary tail


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axillary tail

The fibroadipose tissue in the axilla which contains 12 to 25 lymph nodes and breast and arm lymphatics.

In breast cancer (BC), the number of positive lymph nodes in the axillary tail is one of the most important survival prognostors (the other two are diameter of the tumour and histologic grade—i.e., per the Nottingham Index), where a BC with no positive lymph nodes is associated with a > 80% 5-year survival, while a patient with ≥ 20 positive lymph nodes is associated with a < 20% 5-year survival.

axillary tail

Axillary fat pad Surgery The fibroadipose tissue in the axilla which contains 5 to 25 lymph nodes and breast and arm lymphatics
References in periodicals archive ?
It could be: The axillary tail of your breast - the normal part of breast tissue that runs from the lower, outer edge into the armpit.
Although it rarely enters the cosmetic surgery conversation, the axillary tail plays a key role in the early diagnosis of breast cancer," says Dr.
This glandular tissue extends from the nipple, upward toward the collarbone and laterally into the armpit, or axilla, where it ends in the axillary tail.
An estimated 45% of cancerous breast tumors are found around the axillary tail of the breast, as opposed to 25% underneath the nipple.
These axillary nodes, which start under the armpit, overlap the axillary tail and extend to the collarbone.
On clinical examination, she was found to have a 4x4cm fungating mass in her axillary tail of the right breast.
For the breast with greater ptosis and/or greater weight than that amenable to the horizontal/oblique approach, the Wise pattern RRM technique based on a reduction mammoplasty allows unparalleled access to all breast quadrants and the axillary tail, and results in cosmetically concealed scarring away from the upper and medial breast poles.
Models also specified binary variables for age groups (< 50, 50-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85+), tumor sizes (<2 cm, 2-5 cm, 5+cm), positive lymph node involvement, tumor grade groups (1, 2, 3, 4, 9-unknown), tumor location groups (nipple, central portion, upper-inner quad, lower-inner quad, upper-outer quad, lower-outer quad, axillary tail, overlapping lesion, not-stated), Charlson commorbidity index (0, 1, 2, 3+), residence zip code poverty percentage (#7, 7-10, 10-13, 13-20, > 20), distance from residence to nearest hospital, (#2.
The surgical specimen consisted of both breasts, each with attached axillary tail, and both testes.
Nine of the 10 lymph nodes present in the axillary tail on the right and 6 of the 9 present on the left contained metastatic tumor.