Although it rarely enters the cosmetic surgery conversation, the axillary tail plays a key role in the early diagnosis of breast cancer," says Dr.
This glandular tissue extends from the nipple, upward toward the collarbone and laterally into the armpit, or axilla, where it ends in the axillary tail.
An estimated 45% of cancerous breast tumors are found around the axillary tail of the breast, as opposed to 25% underneath the nipple.
These axillary nodes, which start under the armpit, overlap the axillary tail and extend to the collarbone.
For the breast with greater ptosis and/or greater weight than that amenable to the horizontal/oblique approach, the Wise pattern RRM technique based on a reduction mammoplasty allows unparalleled access to all breast quadrants and the axillary tail
, and results in cosmetically concealed scarring away from the upper and medial breast poles.
Models also specified binary variables for age groups (< 50, 50-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85+), tumor sizes (<2 cm, 2-5 cm, 5+cm), positive lymph node involvement, tumor grade groups (1, 2, 3, 4, 9-unknown), tumor location groups (nipple, central portion, upper-inner quad, lower-inner quad, upper-outer quad, lower-outer quad, axillary tail
, overlapping lesion, not-stated), Charlson commorbidity index (0, 1, 2, 3+), residence zip code poverty percentage (#7, 7-10, 10-13, 13-20, > 20), distance from residence to nearest hospital, (#2.