The skin puncture was medial to the posterior axillary line
A hyperdynamic 4+/4+ left ventricular impulse was felt and a third heart sound was heard in the anterior axillary line
The abdomen was explored via a generous subcostal incision extending from the left anterior axillary line
to the right midclavicular line.
Before the initial puncture, the following anatomical lines and points were marked by a sterile pen on the back of the patient during deep inspirium: the posterior axillary line
(PAL), the posterior middle line (PML), the fluoroscopic vertical projection of the line traversing the upper edge of the iliac crest (UICL)], the tip of the twelfth rib (C point) and the fluoroscopic vertical projection of the lower edge of the lower calyx (Fig.
Examination revealed cardiomegaly with the apex in the sixth intercostal space in the anterior axillary line
The left leg electrode was positioned in the anterior axillary line halfway between the costal margin and the iliac crest.
A different approach to recording a 12-lead ECG is to make use of the EASI lead system (8) where 4 electrodes are placed on the torso at A (mid axillary line at level of V6), E (sternum at level of 5th intercostal space), I (mid axillary line at level of V6R) and S (sternum below the sternal notch).
After the left lateral chest and axilla were prepped, a 5-mm trocar was placed in the anterior axillary line
at the 5th to 6th intercostal space.
th] rib at 3 sites: lateral border of the paraspinous muscle, the mid-scapular line and the posterior axillary line
After establishing the pneumoperitoneum by Veress needle or by Hasson technique, three to four trocars are usually placed between the midclavicular line and anterior axillary line
2 cm caudally to the costal margin.
Trochars were inserted into the thorax in the posterior axillary line
and the sympathetic chain identified.
Two more additional ports were placed on the fifth intercostal space in the anterior and the posterior axillary lines