avoidant personality disorder


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Related to avoidant personality disorder: Schizoid personality disorder, Dependent personality disorder

avoidant

 [ah-voi´dant]
characterized by avoidance or moving away from something.
avoidant disorder of childhood and adolescence former name for a disorder now included under the diagnosis of social phobia.
avoidant personality disorder a personality disorder marked by extreme shyness and sensitivity to rejection. Because of this sensitivity, the person becomes socially withdrawn and forms relationships only with those willing to give uncritical acceptance. The self-esteem of such a person is naturally low. Fear of embarrassment prevents the patient from undertaking risks or new activities. In spite of the social withdrawal, the avoidant personality has a great desire for affection and companionship.

a·void·ant per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern in adulthood characterized by hypersensitivity to rejection, humiliation, shame, feelings of inadequacy resulting in social inhibition, and an unwillingness to enter into relationships without unusually strong guarantees of uncritical acceptance.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

avoidant personality disorder

n.
A personality disorder characterized by fear of rejection or disapproval in social situations, feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to criticism.

avoidant personality disorder

Psychology A pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, which begins by early adulthood, and is present in various contexts
Avoidant personality disorder-DSM 301.82
Requires 4 + of the following
Avoids occupational activities
involving significant interpersonal contact, due to fear of criticism, disapproval, or rejection
Unwilling to get involved
with people unless certain of being liked
Restraint in intimate relationships
due to fear of ridicule or shame
Preoccupied
with social criticism or rejection
Inhibited in new interpersonal situations
due to feelings of inadequacy
Negative self image
Views self as socially inept, unappealing, or inferior to others
Reluctant to take risks
or engage in activites that have the potential for being embarrassing
Modified from DSM-IV, Am Psych Asso, Washington DC, 1994

avoidant personality disorder

A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive shrinkage from contact with unfamiliar people, of such degree as to interfere with normal social functioning. A pathological degree of shyness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Avoidant personality disorder is included within Cluster C (fearfulanxious) of the Axis II personality disorders and is characterized by the DSM-IV-TR (APA, 2000) as "a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts" (p.
Individuals with avoidant personality disorder are likely to present with other Axis I anxiety disorders, other personality disorders (especially dependent personality disorder), and mood disorders (APA, 2000; Oldham et al.
The primary adaptive problem in avoidant personality disorder is that clients' anxious and avoidant behaviors have begun to interfere with their lives to such a degree that they are experiencing significant distress or impairment as a result.
CBT for avoidant personality disorder should begin by providing the client with psychoeducation, introducing them to the cognitive-behavioral model, and explaining the rationale for using cognitive-behavioral treatment with the client.
Given the social nature of the fears most often seen in avoidant personality disorder, group therapy (e.
It should be noted that more behaviorally-oriented therapists may prefer an "exposure therapy only" type of approach to the treatment of avoidant personality disorder that does not include a cognitive- restructuring component.
Although the treatment outcome literature suggests that CBT and exposure therapy are likely to be effective treatments for avoidant personality disorder, it is still clear that, like all personality-disordered clients, individuals with avoidant personality disorder will present special challenges to therapists.
Avoidant personality disorder and social phobia: Distinct enough to be separate disorders?
The relationship of social phobia to avoidant personality disorder.
Intensive behavioral group treatment of avoidant personality disorder.
A test of the therapeutic mechanism in social skills training with avoidant personality disorder.