Measurement invariance tests did not reveal any differences in the constructs of aversiveness
to risky behavior, and smoking consumption rate across the racial groups.
In this way, the aversiveness
of the teaching environment is reduced and therefore less likely to evoke escape and avoidance responses (Kemp & Carr, 1995).
In addition, the threshold concentration for toxicity appears to vary independently of the threshold concentration for orosensory aversiveness
(Cottee et al.
Thus, the hypothesis that gender differences in risk aversiveness
account for overall performance differences seems consistent with the data.
In addition, Hancock (1998) and Scerbo (1998) have suggested that the aversiveness
of the task is exacerbated by the imposition of vigilance tasks upon monitors by an external authoritative agency (the experimenter in laboratory studies, management in operational settings) under conditions in which monitors feel obliged not to quit.
In fact, Boice concludes that extreme punishments of the kind used in group 1 are to be used only "as a last resort, temporarily; with longer use, their aversiveness
can generalize to the act of writing itself" (p.
Either removal from the goal box, or the aversiveness
of entering and having to turn round in narrow blind alleys, might be sufficient to strengthen true-path responses, thus favouring Hull's S-R analysis of maze performance in the rats.
Watson (2001) posited these antecedents of procrastination: fear of failure, aversiveness
of task, risk taking, rebellion against control, dependency, and difficulty making decisions.
Some entrepreneurs have attempted to instill the entrepreneurial spirit and develop some degree of entrepreneurial acumen in one or more members of their staffs who may not have been overly programmed by the risk aversiveness
associated with professional management.
Tertiary prevention is a response to pain, not to the anticipation of it but to experiencing the extreme aversiveness
of behavior gone beyond all reasonable bounds.
function of the probability of detection and the aversiveness
The influence of warning signal timing and cognitive preparation on the aversiveness
of electric shock.