It is by modulating the activity of the mPFC and basal amygdala that these double-projecting hippocampal neurons contribute to the acquisition and retrieval of fear memory for a context associated with an aversive
2011; Ruiz, Luciano, Vizcaino-Torres, & Sanchez, 2012; Ruiz & Perete, 2015), the protocol advanced from trials with neutral experiences to trials with aversive
experiences related to both experimental tasks.
Both appetitive and aversive
desires result in an emotional reaction to either approach or avoid (Lee & Lang, 2009).
Specifically, this should include both the perceived strength and duration of each aversive
attribute (Question 2).
In that work, the time courses corresponding to the amygdala were extracted and correlation maps were computed between these time courses and those corresponding to all the other voxels, with the purpose of describing how the amygdala's activity modulates the rest of the regions when processing aversive
Part I provides a theoretical overview of aversive
After the IAT task participants were randomly assigned into image condition (Pairing of images of cigarette with aversive
images of potential health consequences) and text condition (Pairing of images of cigarette with aversive
texts of potential health consequences).
As the client responds less to aversive
may have to increase in duration or intensity to have an effective impact (Lovaas & Favell, 1987).
racists explicitly support egalitarian principles and believe themselves to be non-prejudiced [but] also unconsciously harbor negative feelings and beliefs about Blacks and other historically disadvantaged groups.
At first glance, aversive
intervention may seem benign, but one does not have to look very far to see the need for concern when clinicians choose to use aversive
intervention as part of a behavior modification plan.
Within the contextualist approach it is not the anxiety, sadness, and/or aversive
thoughts and memories that are pathological, rather the pathology lies in the avoidance strategies (Follette, 1994; Pistorello, Follette, & Hayes, 2000; Walser & Hayes, 1998).
The scientists blame this tendency to deepen losses and lock in early gains on the regret aversive
nature of investors.