autotransplantation

(redirected from autotransplants)

graft

 [graft]
1. any tissue or organ for implantation or transplantation.
2. to implant or transplant such tissues. This term is preferred over transplant in the case of skin grafts. See also implant.
allogeneic graft allograft.
autodermic graft (autoepidermic graft) a skin graft taken from the patient's own body.
autologous graft (autoplastic graft) a graft taken from another area of the patient's own body; called also autograft.
avascular graft a graft of tissue in which not even transient vascularization is achieved.
bone graft bone transplanted from one site to another.
bypass graft an autograft consisting of a segment of vein or artery grafted into place in a bypass.
cable graft a nerve graft made up of several sections of nerve in the manner of a cable.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) see under bypass.
cutis graft dermal graft.
delayed graft a skin graft that is sutured back into its bed and subsequently used after several days.
dermal graft (dermic graft) a skin graft of dermis, used instead of fascia in various plastic procedures.
epidermic graft a skin graft in which a piece of epidermis is implanted on a raw surface.
fascia graft a graft of fibrous tissue, usually taken from the external investing fascia of the lower limb (fascia lata).
fascicular graft a nerve graft in which bundles of nerve fibers are approximated and sutured separately.
filler graft one used for the filling of defects, as the filling of depressions with fatty tissue or of a bony cyst cavity with bone chips or dried cartilage.
free graft a graft of tissue completely freed from its bed, in contrast to a flap.
full-thickness graft a skin graft consisting of the full thickness of the skin, with little or none of the subcutaneous tissue.
heterodermic graft a skin graft taken from a donor of another species.
heterologous graft (heteroplastic graft) xenograft.
homologous graft a graft of tissue obtained from the body of another animal of the same species but with a genotype differing from that of the recipient; called also allograft and homograft.
inlay graft a skin graft or mucosal graft applied by spreading the graft over a stent and suturing the graft and mold into a prepared pocket.
isogeneic graft (isologous graft) (isoplastic graft) syngraft.
lamellar graft replacement of the superficial layers of an opaque cornea by a thin layer of clear cornea from a donor eye.
mesh graft a type of split-thickness graft in which many tiny splits have been made in the skin to allow it to be stretched to cover a larger area.
Mesh skin graft applied to the leg. From McQuillan et al., 2002.
Ollier-Thiersch graft a very thin skin graft in which long, broad strips of skin, consisting of the epidermis, rete, and part of the corium, are used.
omental graft a segment of omentum and its supplying vasculature, transplanted as a free flap to another area and revascularized by anastomosis of arteries and veins.
pedicle graft pedicle flap.
penetrating graft a full-thickness corneal transplant.
periosteal graft a piece of periosteum to cover a denuded bone.
Phemister graft a bone graft of cortical bone with cancellous bone chips to enhance callus formation.
pinch graft a small piece of skin graft, partial or full thickness, obtained by elevating the skin with a needle and slicing it off with a knife.
porcine graft a split-thickness graft of skin from a pig, applied to a denuded area on a human as a temporary dressing for treatment of a severe burn.
sieve graft a skin graft from which tiny circular islands of skin are removed so that a larger denuded area can be covered, the sievelike portion being placed over one area, and the individual islands over surrounding or other denuded areas.
skin graft a piece of skin transplanted to replace a lost portion of skin; see also skin grafting.
split-skin graft (split-thickness graft) a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and a portion of dermis.
Diagram of a cross-section of the skin, demonstrating split thickness and full thickness skin grafts. From Roberts and Hedges, 1991.
syngeneic graft syngraft.
thick-split graft a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and about two thirds of the dermis.
Thiersch graft Ollier-Thiersch graft.

au·to·trans·plan·ta·tion

(aw'tō-tranz'plan-tā'shŭn),
1. The transfer of an organ or other tissue (skin, bone, muscle, tendon, nerve, arterial or venous segments) as grafts or vascularized (by pedicle or microanastomosis) structures from one location to another in the same person (for example, a kidney moved from its original position to the pelvis, where the iliac vessels provide vascular supply).
2. The performance of an autograft.
Synonym(s): autografting

autotransplantation

/au·to·trans·plan·ta·tion/ (-trans″plan-ta´shun) transfer of tissue from one part of the body to another part.

autotransplantation

au·to·trans·plan·ta·tion

(aw'tō-trans-plan-tā'shŭn)
The performance of an autograft.

au·to·trans·plan·ta·tion

(aw'tō-trans-plan-tā'shŭn)
The transfer of an organ or other tissue (skin, bone, muscle, tendon, nerve, arterial or venous segments) as grafts or vascularized (by pedicle or microanastomosis) structures from one location to another in the same person (e.g., a kidney moved from its original position to the pelvis, where the iliac vessels provide vascular supply).

autotransplantation

transfer of tissue from one part of the body to another part.

renal autotransplantation
surgical repositioning of a kidney in the same animal, usually to the iliac fossa.
References in periodicals archive ?
The option of ovarian transplant is not much encouraging and for autotransplants it requires only monozygotic twins, although it is still in research stage (38).
Studies on regeneration of heterotopic splenic autotransplants.
Autotransplants for Hodgkin's disease in patients never achieving remission: are port from the Autologous Blood and Marrow Transplant Registry.
Their experience with autotransplants of the heart and lungs demonstrated that if the trachea is sectioned at the carina so as to leave a well-innervated trachea, spontaneous return of respiration is possible.
Out of ten products using adult stem cells only three (30%) are autotransplants, significantly less than in other adult stem cells-based pipelines.
Matthews, a University of Cincinnati surgeon who has performed numerous pancreatectomy/islet cell autotransplants, raised the troubling issue of patients in intractable visceral pain whose lengthy medical histories fail to document a clear history of pancreatitis.
This study examined the impact of adding thalidomide (T) to melphalan (MEL200)-based tandem autotransplants for multiple myeloma.
Silber said that he believes the appeal of this more patient-friendly ovarian transplantation could be wide reaching, extending beyond autotransplants for chemotherapy patients and even beyond allotransplants for patients with premature ovarian failure.
Only a handful of cardiac autotransplants have been performed, and in all of these cases, just a single chamber at most has been removed and rebuilt.
Autotransplants for Hodgkin's disease in patients never achieving remission: a report from the Autologous Blood and Marrow Transplant Registry.
The modulating influence of stromal environment on epithelial cells studied in human autotransplants.