autologous transplant


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Related to autologous transplant: allogeneic transplant, syngeneic transplant

autologous transplant

A generic term for the administration of tissues or cells, in particular bone marrow, which had been removed before high-dose chemo- and/or radiotherapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adult patients with standard-risk ALL who undergo allogeneic transplant in the first complete remission have a significant survival advantage over conventional therapy; however, the transplant-related mortality for high-risk older patients was unacceptably high and abrogated the reduction in relapse risk," he said, adding that there is no evidence that a single autologous transplant can replace standard consolidation/maintenance therapy in any risk group.
What are the odds of the child needing an autologous transplant, how would one determine these odds, and would there be guarantee of viable cells?
Studies of SCT in multiple myeloma patients ages 70-79 and patients age 60 and above with malignant lymphoma who received autologous transplants found they did as well as their younger counterparts.
Significant differences among the groups were found, however, with regard to overall survival, which stood at 52% for the chemotherapy patients, 46% for the allogeneic group, and 43% for the autologous transplant patients.
Up to 10 percent of bone marrow donors fail to mobilize sufficient numbers of stem cells, which impedes autologous transplants and significantly delays transplant recovery time," said Hartmut Geiger, Ph.
Comparison of twin and autologous transplants for multiple myeloma.
However, the chemotherapy agents associated with autologous transplants can have long-lasting cardiopulmonary, immunosuppressive, renal, and other side effects that affect quality of life (Buchsel & Whedon, 1995).
Autologous transplants of bone marrow were initially used to rescue bone marrow from patients due to undergo chemotherapy.
Some 30,000 autologous transplants were performed in 1998, with 30 percent of them for breast cancer.
In addition, several new cancer services have been developed, using advanced treatment and diagnostic technologies, such as; the Hamad Positron Emission Tomograpy/ Computed Tomography Centre; NCCCR's CyberKnife; adaptive brachytherapy to treat cervical cancers; Magnetic Resonance-Guided focused Ultra Sound to treat bone metastases and the Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Programme, currently being used to provide autologous transplants to patients with hematological cancers.
The Council will also hear presentations and discussions on the following topics: Arizona reimbursement concerns for Medicaid beneficiaries; Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) coverage; Medicare reimbursement for costs for allogeneic or autologous transplants, legislative reauthorization and appropriations bills; and Program performance measures.
Whole ovary autologous transplants have been attempted twice in women - in 1987 and 2004 - in both cases into the upper arm, but in neither case was the ovary frozen and thawed first.

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