autoimmune thyroiditis


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thyroiditis

 [thi″roi-di´tis]
inflammation of the thyroid gland, usually characterized by such symptoms as sore throat, fever, and painful enlargement of the gland.
atrophic thyroiditis a type of autoimmune thyroiditis with atrophy of the follicles and without goiter.
autoimmune thyroiditis any of various types of thyroiditis characterized by autoantibodies against the thyroid gland, resulting in hypothyroidism. The two major types are Hashimoto's disease and atrophic thyroiditis; Riedel's thyroiditis is a less common type.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis Hashimoto's disease.
Riedel's thyroiditis a chronic type of autoimmune thyroiditis with a proliferating, fibrosing, inflammatory process involving usually one but sometimes both lobes of the gland, which becomes hard and enlarged and adherent to the trachea and other adjacent structures. Called also Riedel's struma.
subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis painless, self-limited hyperthyroidism without the nonthyroidal features of Graves' disease; there is lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid gland.

Ha·shi·mo·to thy·roi·di·tis

(hah-shē-mō'tō),
diffuse infiltration of the thyroid gland with lymphocytes, resulting in diffuse goiter, progressive destruction of the parenchyma and hypothyroidism.

autoimmune thyroiditis

A generic term for a spectrum of thyroid pathology that encompasses lymphocytic thyroiditis and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, both of which predispose to future development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

autoimmune thyroiditis

Hashimoto's disease, see there.

Hashimoto,

Hakaru, Japanese surgeon, 1881-1934.
Hashimoto disease - Synonym(s): Hashimoto thyroiditis
Hashimoto struma - Synonym(s): Hashimoto thyroiditis
Hashimoto thyroiditis - diffuse infiltration of the thyroid gland with lymphocytes. Synonym(s): autoimmune thyroiditis; Hashimoto disease; Hashimoto struma; lymphadenoid goiter; struma lymphomatosa

thyroiditis

inflammation of the thyroid gland.

autoimmune thyroiditis
see lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
see also hashimoto's disease, lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
immune-mediated thyroiditis
see lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
lymphocytic thyroiditis
progressive cellular infiltration of the thyroid gland, predominantly by lymphocytes, and replacement by fibrous tissue, resulting in hypothyroidism, associated with the presence of autoantibodies against thyroglobulin, follicular cell microsomes, and a second colloid antigen. It occurs in dogs, particularly Beagles, obese (OS) chickens, buffalo rats and primates. The disease has some similarity to Hashimoto's disease of humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Duntas LH (2008) Environmental factors and autoimmune thyroiditis.
Possible Evolution of autoimmune thyroiditis in hypothyroidism: role of obesity.
Levothyroxine treatment reduces thyroid size in children and adolescents with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis.
One of the environmental factors implicated in the etiology of autoimmune thyroiditis is selenium.
The patient group consisted of 62 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, 20 with euthyroid autoimmune thyroiditis (Group 2), 27 with subclinical hypothyroidism (Group 3) and 15 with overt hypothyroidism HT (Group 4).
Helicobacter pylori infection might be responsible for the interconnection between type 1 diabetes and autoimmune thyroiditis.
14 This may arise from an underlying thyroid abnormality like autoimmune thyroiditis and suggests that iodide excess could unmask some pre-existent subclinical thyroid disease to produce overt thyroid failure.
Only 2 others not reviewed by Pollard immediately came to mind--links between excess dietary iodine and autoimmune thyroiditis (5) and between certain strains of Campylobacter bacteria and Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM), steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) are some of the disorders that might present with a localized lesion that specifically involves the pontine area (3).
The major cause of primary hypothyroidism in young children is chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, also called Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
These include subclinical hypothyroidism, Graves' disease, autoimmune thyroiditis, fibromyalgia, polycystic ovary syndrome, fibrocystic breast disease, obesity, sleep apnea, cardiac arrhythmia, diabetes (both types), hypertension, and hormone resistance syndromes.