autoimmune thyroiditis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

thyroiditis

 [thi″roi-di´tis]
inflammation of the thyroid gland, usually characterized by such symptoms as sore throat, fever, and painful enlargement of the gland.
atrophic thyroiditis a type of autoimmune thyroiditis with atrophy of the follicles and without goiter.
autoimmune thyroiditis any of various types of thyroiditis characterized by autoantibodies against the thyroid gland, resulting in hypothyroidism. The two major types are Hashimoto's disease and atrophic thyroiditis; Riedel's thyroiditis is a less common type.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis Hashimoto's disease.
Riedel's thyroiditis a chronic type of autoimmune thyroiditis with a proliferating, fibrosing, inflammatory process involving usually one but sometimes both lobes of the gland, which becomes hard and enlarged and adherent to the trachea and other adjacent structures. Called also Riedel's struma.
subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis painless, self-limited hyperthyroidism without the nonthyroidal features of Graves' disease; there is lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid gland.

Ha·shi·mo·to thy·roi·di·tis

(hah-shē-mō'tō),
diffuse infiltration of the thyroid gland with lymphocytes, resulting in diffuse goiter, progressive destruction of the parenchyma and hypothyroidism.

autoimmune thyroiditis

A generic term for a spectrum of thyroid pathology that encompasses lymphocytic thyroiditis and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, both of which predispose to future development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

autoimmune thyroiditis

Hashimoto's disease, see there.

Hashimoto,

Hakaru, Japanese surgeon, 1881-1934.
Hashimoto disease - Synonym(s): Hashimoto thyroiditis
Hashimoto struma - Synonym(s): Hashimoto thyroiditis
Hashimoto thyroiditis - diffuse infiltration of the thyroid gland with lymphocytes. Synonym(s): autoimmune thyroiditis; Hashimoto disease; Hashimoto struma; lymphadenoid goiter; struma lymphomatosa

thyroiditis

inflammation of the thyroid gland.

autoimmune thyroiditis
see lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
see also hashimoto's disease, lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
immune-mediated thyroiditis
see lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
lymphocytic thyroiditis
progressive cellular infiltration of the thyroid gland, predominantly by lymphocytes, and replacement by fibrous tissue, resulting in hypothyroidism, associated with the presence of autoantibodies against thyroglobulin, follicular cell microsomes, and a second colloid antigen. It occurs in dogs, particularly Beagles, obese (OS) chickens, buffalo rats and primates. The disease has some similarity to Hashimoto's disease of humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
H2A- and H2E-derived CD4pCD25p regulatory T cells: a potential role in reciprocal inhibition by class II genes in autoimmune thyroiditis.
Localized granuloma annulare and autoimmune thyroiditis in adult women: a case-control study.
In two high-goiter counties of Kentucky, Gaitan's group found that a third of affected children "make antibodies against their own thyroid glands'--a condition known as autoimmune thyroiditis.
The Company's lead compound has been investigated extensively in pre-clinical (in vitro and in vivo) studies resulting in several peer reviewed and published scientific journal articles, covering models of multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and autoimmune thyroiditis.
Morphea occasionally coexists with systemic lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, psoriasis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and other autoimmune diseases such as autoimmune thyroiditis.
Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, eponymically referred to as Hashimoto thyroiditis (named after Hakarum Hashimoto, who first described the disease in 1912), is an autoimmune thyroiditis that results from autoantibodies to thyroid-specific antigens.
Comment: Excessive iodine intake is known to increase the risk of developing various abnormalities of thyroid function, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and autoimmune thyroiditis.
Only 2 others not reviewed by Pollard immediately came to mind--links between excess dietary iodine and autoimmune thyroiditis (5) and between certain strains of Campylobacter bacteria and Guillain-Barre syndrome.
92-fold more likely to have autoimmune thyroiditis than were controls without breast disease.