autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss

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autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss

A condition characterised by idiopathic, rapidly progressive, bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, which improves with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. It is more common in women age 20 to 50.

Clinical findings
Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss which develops over weeks to months, with fluctuating symptoms, reduction in speech discrimination scores; vestibular symptoms occur in half of patients, and include disequilibrium, ataxia, motion intolerance, positional vertigo, and episodic vertigo; up to half of patients complain of tinnitus and aural fullness, and up to one-third have systemic autoimmune disease—e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, systemic lupus erythematosus and polyarteritis nodosa.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient was treated with a 2-week course of high-dose systemic steroids, a course of intratympanic steroids, a diuretic, and dietary salt restriction for suspected autoimmune hearing loss, as well as possible Meniere disease.
When McCabe described autoimmune hearing loss, initially, he defined it on the basis of laboratory findings and clinical characteristics, such as its responsiveness to steroid therapy.
Infections: bacterial, viral, fungal Autoimmune hearing loss
7%) had an autoimmune hearing loss, and both were treated with a corticosteroid.
Antibodies to HSP-70 in normal donors and autoimmune hearing loss patients.
Corticosteroid response and supporting cell antibody in autoimmune hearing loss.
Glucocorticoids have been used to treat disorders such as sudden sensorineural hearing loss, autoimmune hearing loss, Meniere's disease, and hearing loss secondary to trauma, viral insult, and idiopathic causes.

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