A major accomplishment was the interruption of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in the northern Pacific coast; no autochthonous malaria
case has been reported since 2006.
Based on routine malaria notification data, incidence of autochthonous malaria
cases in the 9 endemic districts of SA for the financial year 2012/13 (April-March) was 0.
The transmission of autochthonous malaria
outside of the Amazon region occurs in several Brazilian states, mainly those associated with the ecosystem of the Serra do Mar (3).
Seventy-four cases of locally acquired or autochthonous malaria
were identified in the U.
Our analysis was restricted to cases classified as locally acquired in persons without travel histories to optimize the specificity of the model because our goal was to describe the environmental suitability of autochthonous malaria
transmission in Greece.
The increase of imported malaria cases in last decades, together with the high prevalence of anophelines in many southern Europe regions has enabled the appearance of several autochthonous malaria
cases, as recently has occurred in countries like Italy (6), Greece (7), France (8) and Spain (9).
Although no confirmed cases of autochthonous malaria
have been recorded in Canada in recent years, [approximately equal to] 400 cases of imported malaria are identified in Canada each year, a significantly higher prevalence than in the United States (4,5).
Data for this study were collected by a reporting network of 120 selected hospital laboratories and were analyzed by the French National Reference Center for Imported and Autochthonous Malaria
Cases of autochthonous malaria
, Tinzaouatine, Algeria, 1999 and 2003-2005 * Species No.
Currently, the northeastern part of the country is relatively free of autochthonous malaria
cases except for 3 provinces that border Cambodia and Laos (5), Srisaket, Ubon Ratchathani, and Surin.
In such cases, autochthonous malaria
, whether transmitted by an imported or an indigenous mosquito or by infected blood cells or needles, should be excluded.
The World Health Organization defines introduced autochthonous malaria
as that acquired by mosquito transmission from an imported case in an area where malaria is not a regular occurrence (10) In France, it is rare to find P.