autistic disorder


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Related to autistic disorder: Asperger's syndrome, Autistic spectrum disorder

autistic

 [aw-tis´tik]
pertaining to or exhibiting autism.
autistic disorder a pervasive developmental disorder beginning before age three; called also autism and infantile autism. Characteristics include impairment in reciprocal social interaction (for example, lack of awareness of the existence of feelings in others), in verbal and nonverbal communication, and in capacity for symbolic play, as well as by a restricted repertoire of activities and interests. There may also be cognitive impairment, abnormally increased or decreased reactivity to certain stimuli, stereotypic behaviors, neurological abnormalities such as seizures or altered muscle tone, sleeping or eating pattern abnormalities, and severe behavioral problems. There are no delusions, hallucinations, or incoherence, and the facial expression is intelligent and responsive. Often, children are self absorbed, inaccessible, and unable to relate to others, including parents; they may play happily alone for hours but have temper tantrums if interrupted. Language disturbances often include repetition of previously heard speech and reversal of the pronouns “I” and “you.” Individuals with the disorder may show any of a wide spectrum of behaviors.

The cause of the syndrome is unknown. Early intervention programs have improved outcomes for affected children. Research studies have demonstrated that a highly structured, specialized educational program tailored to the child's individual needs can result in significant improvement in functional ability, although autism usually affects a person through life. Programs should incorporate the parents and other caregivers to maximize effectiveness. Appropriate support services often enable the child to remain in the community rather than being institutionalized.

au·tis·tic dis·or·der

1. a severe form of pervasive developmental disorder.
See also: autism, infantile autism.
2. a diagnosis from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual that is established when the specified criteria are met.

autistic disorder

[ôtis′tik]
Etymology: Gk, autos, self
a pervasive developmental disorder with onset in infancy or childhood, characterized by impaired social interaction, impaired communication, and a remarkably restricted repertoire of activities and interests. See also infantile autism. autistic, adj.

autistic disorder

A pervasive developmental disorder, which affects 1:2500 children with a 3–4:1 male:female ratio, onset usually by age three.

Clinical findings
Autistic behaviours (e.g., whirling, flapping, self-mutilation, body rocking, toe walking, profound introversion, self-focus, lack of reality sense, withdrawal and developmental delays) and deficits in social interaction, communication, creative/imaginative play, behaviour and interpersonal relationships.
 
Management
Facilitated communication, drugs (clomipramine, haloperiodol, fluvoxamine maleate (a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor), naltrexone (to control self-mutilation), intensive behavioral therapy.

Prognosis
Poor; < 20% are gainfully employed as adults; < 20% function in sheltered environments; > 2/3 require permanent supervision and support.

autistic disorder

Autism, autistic psychopathy Pediatrics A pervasive developmental disorder, which affects 1:2500 children with a 3-4:1 ♂:♀ ratio, onset usually by age 3; AD is characterized by profound introversion, self focus, lack of reality sense, withdrawal and developmental delays and deficits in social interaction, communication, creative/imaginative play, behavior, interpersonal relationships Clinical Autistic behaviors–eg, whirling, flapping, self-mutilation, body rocking, toe walking Management Facilitated communication, drugs—clomipramine, haloperiodol, fluvoxamine maleate–a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor, naltrexone to control self-mutilation; intensive behavioral therapy Prognosis Poor; < 20% are gainfully employed as adults; < 20% function in sheltered environments; >23 require permanent supervision, support

Patient discussion about autistic disorder

Q. What is childhood autism exactly?

A. i'm sorry to say but probably not..it's a pretty severe diagnosis. but i'm no expert on the subject and not a prophet. about what it means later in life- this should be fronted to a professional.
god bless.

Q. what is the definition of Autism? how would i know if one is autistic and the other one is not , or has only minor disorder ?

A. Autism is a brain development disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all starting before a child is three years old. This set of signs distinguishes autism from milder autism spectrum disorders (ASD) such as pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. Diagnosis should be made if suspected, by a specialits in child psychiatry or child developement.

Q. What is the definition of Autism?

A. Autism is defined by symptoms from each of the following three categories: qualitative impairment in social interaction, impairment in communication, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior or interests.

By definition, the onset of autistic disorder is before the age of 3 years, although in some cases, it is not recognized until a child is much older.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/autism.html

More discussions about autistic disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
In this paper, "autism" is a generic term for a more severe form of ASD, including autistic disorder, while "ASD" refers to the entire autism spectrum.
Methamphetamine is therapeutically used by individuals with autistic disorder.
The cause of autistic disorders is unknown; however, scientists believe both genetics and environment play a role.
Lesson 2: Although the presence of longstanding intellectual delay had by this time been recognized, the cues suggesting the possibility of an autistic disorder (autistic-like behaviors, longstanding nature of social difficulties) were missed.
After an overview of the various disorders, such as autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, it covers causes and risk factors; symptoms, assessment, identification, diagnosis, and early interventions; associated conditions like communication difficulties, epilepsy, non-verbal learning disability, and genetic disorders; evidence-based behavior, communication, and biomedical interventions; educational guidelines; and living with autism and transitioning to adulthood, including housing and employment.
According to her, he was diagnosed with autistic disorder due to his severe impairment in language development and social-emotional reciprocity, and repetitive behaviors when he was 3.
Some people with autistic disorder are high-functioning and can speak and interact, while others are more severely affected and nonverbal.
Autism spectrum disorders--which include autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger's disorder (1)--are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that are characterized by marked impairments in social functioning and communication, as well as repetitive patterns of behaviour or restricted interests.
In 2005, Swedish scientists treated 12 boys aged 4-7 years, who had autistic disorder and low concentrations of tetrahydrobiopterin, with daily doses of BH4 (3 mg/kg body weight) or placebo for six months.
It has been very successful in developing staff skills and expertise to match the changing needs pupils with many now having significantly complex and challenging needs within the spectrum of autistic disorder.
We thus have a much better idea about where to look for factors that might make a child susceptible to developing an autistic disorder," Wassink explains.
The drug is already approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and short-term treatment of acute manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder in adults and the treatment of irritability associated with autistic disorder in children and adolescents 5-16 years old.

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