authorship

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authorship

The state of being an author; the writer of a communication.

Authorship in the sciences
The credits for a publication in the sciences are problematic; the advantages of being an author on published reports in the literature are considerable, and include peer respect, conferral of authority status and career advancement, which is often a function of how many publications a person has generated. Sharing authorship credits has the potential disadvantage of being the co-author on a report later deemed fraudulent.

Dr A Relman, emeritus editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, delineated four criteria (see table), at least 2 of which must be met to legitimately share authorship credits. Many articles, proceedings or books have multiple authors; the names of the authors following the first author are known as co-authors; corporations, government agencies and associations may also be listed as authors of a work. In ISI indexes, first (primary) and secondary (co-authors) of a source article are searchable in print and electronically—ISI also indexes all cited authors; the first cited author in each reference is searchable in all products; unique to the Web of Science is the ability to search on secondary authors in the cited reference field.

Authorship “Relman’s criteria”
• Conception of idea and design of experiment;
• Actual execution of experiment—hands-on experience;
• Analysis and interpretation of data;
• Writing the manuscript.

authorship

Science journalism The state of being an author. See Author, Author misconduct, CV-weighing, Darsee affair, Honorary authorship, Mega-author paper, Slutsky affair, Spurious authorship, Unearned authorship.
References in periodicals archive ?
If we adopt Authorship Guidelines for Social Work Researchers as Bowen suggests, one can readily see similar guidelines emerging for psychologists, nurses, physicians, marriage and family therapists, and so forth.
Nearly 15 years ago, Richard Smith, then editor of the British Medical Journal, argued that the concept of authorship was so broken that it should be scrapped and replaced by a descriptive system that would identify contributors rather than authors (16).
Second, the creation of a contributorship category or designation may provide a mechanism for publicly giving credit to individuals who contributed to the study in an important way but fell just short of meeting the ICMJE authorship criteria.
Distribution of authorships by province and era [Table omitted]
These trends include changes in community and academic authorship, levels of evidence, collaboration between members and funding sources.
This growing interest in multiple authorship came slowly, and it never made enough headway against the dominant single-author paradigm to move collective playwriting from the theoretical shadows entirely.
7) Without usurping upon or otherwise disrupting the single authorship of his predecessor, a living cowriter could assert his own authorship by taking the place of the dead author as his heir.
Gift" authorships are inappropriate and indeed are probably unethical.
phenomenon of multiple authorship, the implications of multi-author
A graduate student's guide to determining authorship credit and authorship order.
The version of Shakespeare, and of Shakespearean authorship, that Knapp sets out in Shakespeare Only is intriguing, but it is not the only, or even most convincing, Shakespeare that emerges from this book.