authorship

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authorship

The state of being an author; the writer of a communication.

Authorship in the sciences
The credits for a publication in the sciences are problematic; the advantages of being an author on published reports in the literature are considerable, and include peer respect, conferral of authority status and career advancement, which is often a function of how many publications a person has generated. Sharing authorship credits has the potential disadvantage of being the co-author on a report later deemed fraudulent.

Dr A Relman, emeritus editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, delineated four criteria (see table), at least 2 of which must be met to legitimately share authorship credits. Many articles, proceedings or books have multiple authors; the names of the authors following the first author are known as co-authors; corporations, government agencies and associations may also be listed as authors of a work. In ISI indexes, first (primary) and secondary (co-authors) of a source article are searchable in print and electronically—ISI also indexes all cited authors; the first cited author in each reference is searchable in all products; unique to the Web of Science is the ability to search on secondary authors in the cited reference field.

Authorship “Relman’s criteria”
• Conception of idea and design of experiment;
• Actual execution of experiment—hands-on experience;
• Analysis and interpretation of data;
• Writing the manuscript.

authorship

Science journalism The state of being an author. See Author, Author misconduct, CV-weighing, Darsee affair, Honorary authorship, Mega-author paper, Slutsky affair, Spurious authorship, Unearned authorship.
References in periodicals archive ?
Todd searches for authorship (s) even in this albeit problematic science-fiction adaptation, concluding that viewers do indeed make their own meanings, and thus that "auteurism can be seen as an ideological (rather than scientific) operation through which the horizontal ontology of the text--be that formal, thematic, and/or industrial--will trigger the search for an authorial voice from the predisposed reader" (56).
When individuals with different opinions, competing career objectives, and statuses that range from first-year graduate students, lab technicians, and statisticians to full professors work together on projects and manuscripts, it may be inevitable that disagreements about authorship credit will emerge.
Helpful definitions of authorship can be found in guidelines written by international organizations such as the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) (2) (3), the Council of Science Editors (4), the Committee of Publication Ethics (5), and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (6).
To encourage appropriate authorship, the Journal of Urology uses an honour system, asking all authors to sign-off on their contributions.
Such authorships would be unethical and would represent a breach of integrity.
To broaden instructors' understandings of the possibilities for the relatively peaceful coexistence of individual and collaborative authorship, it offers an overview of authorship history.
I will begin by observing that the persistence of the author in a supposedly postmodern moment is not peculiar to narratology; despite the deconstructive challenges of such theorists as Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes, authorship still dominates the study and the consumption of literature.
multiple authorship, the implications of multi-author scholarship, and the
The APA manual provides more than a standardized method for formatting papers and citing papers--it provides information on legal and ethical aspects of publishing and has something to say on the topic of authorship.
Among the facts that have been erroneously attributed as authorship in the past and which currently confuse some researchers, especially those lacking expertise, is that of offering the space to conduct the research or providing funding or permission for the research.
Also, the efforts put in by those who do not reach this authorship level cannot be taken for granted.
However, it creates ethical and legal conflicts regarding the inclusion or exclusion, or the order of authorship of articles.