authorship


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authorship

The state of being an author; the writer of a communication.

Authorship in the sciences
The credits for a publication in the sciences are problematic; the advantages of being an author on published reports in the literature are considerable, and include peer respect, conferral of authority status and career advancement, which is often a function of how many publications a person has generated. Sharing authorship credits has the potential disadvantage of being the co-author on a report later deemed fraudulent.

Dr A Relman, emeritus editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, delineated four criteria (see table), at least 2 of which must be met to legitimately share authorship credits. Many articles, proceedings or books have multiple authors; the names of the authors following the first author are known as co-authors; corporations, government agencies and associations may also be listed as authors of a work. In ISI indexes, first (primary) and secondary (co-authors) of a source article are searchable in print and electronically—ISI also indexes all cited authors; the first cited author in each reference is searchable in all products; unique to the Web of Science is the ability to search on secondary authors in the cited reference field.

Authorship “Relman’s criteria”
• Conception of idea and design of experiment;
• Actual execution of experiment—hands-on experience;
• Analysis and interpretation of data;
• Writing the manuscript.

authorship

Science journalism The state of being an author. See Author, Author misconduct, CV-weighing, Darsee affair, Honorary authorship, Mega-author paper, Slutsky affair, Spurious authorship, Unearned authorship.
References in periodicals archive ?
To bring about easy and ethical solutions, The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), Vancouver Group worked on these issues and have established formal guidelines for authorship.
A study that examined authorship using the ICMJE and the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) guidelines for authorship in the articles in 10 peer-reviewed nursing journals with impact factors, Honorary and Ghost Authors in Selected Nursing Journals, was presented at the INANE Conference by Maureen Kennedy, Jane Barnsteiner and John Daly.
Ultimately he is unable to make the leap he seems to want to make, from talking about particular kinds of texts (in which authorship is a function of design, situated in the timeliness of preparation) to talking about what it means to write anything in the age of the Internet.
The discussion paper “What constitutes authorship,” Chinese version,[sup][6] is one of the authorship resources that COPE provides as a reference for journals, institutions and universities, and researchers internationally.
This has now been updated to look for potential hallmarks of abuse, such as non-specific or shared email addresses, assess peer review quality and look for changes in manuscript titles, authorship and content.
As mentor, I defer first authorship to the mentee and accept the position of last (senior) author.
In other words, if we presume that the work-for-hire doctrine is constitutional, then we can't say with a straight face that the Constitution bars idea-contributors from joint authorship.
Among the facts that have been erroneously attributed as authorship in the past and which currently confuse some researchers, especially those lacking expertise, is that of offering the space to conduct the research or providing funding or permission for the research.
Research contributions by issue and year, number of authors, authorship patterns by volume, authorship patterns by country, author's productivity, most prolific contributors, and degrees of author collaboration are recorded.
Authorship he said should be defined in byline and the ICMJE has four criteria for authorship which must be met by the authors.
A number of factors have been offered to explain authorship growth, including increased researcher collaboration, honorary authorship (driven by increased pressures for funding and promotion), the belief that including senior authors will facilitate publication, and the growing complexity of medical research.