auditory localization

au·di·to·ry lo·cal·i·za·tion

in sensory psychology, naming or pointing to directions from which sounds emanate.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dome Room was built for research in auditory localization (identifying the location of a sound or sounds) with a dense array of loudspeakers and can be configured to evaluate perception of sound in a dome-shaped space.
Auditory localization abilities in bilateral cochlear implant recipients.
For decades, auditory localization appeared deeply mysterious.