attribution

(redirected from attributional)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

attribution

An inference about the cause of a particular person’s behaviour(s) or of an observed action or event. Attribution can be explanatory, in which the viewer seeks a reason that a particular event occurred, or interpersonal, in which one explains the actions of oneself or others.

attribution

a person's inference about the cause of their behaviour or a behavioural outcome with regard to whether the behaviour or outcome is caused by internal factors (e.g. effort or ability) or external factors (e.g. chance or the influence of other people). attribution theory a theory designed to explain the types, antecedents and consequences of individuals' attributions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our study formed a 2 x 2 x 2 between subjects factorial design with attributional style (pessimist, optimist), need for cognitive closure (high, low), and information valence of the disclosure of a prior academic incident (positive, negative) as between subject factors, and likability ratings as the dependent measure.
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the seasonal attribution of two distinct groups of NFL fans and the moderating impact of team identification on a fan's attributional bias.
In spite of its limitations, the current study highlights the numerous sexual risk behaviors associated with college students and confirms previous studies' findings concerning the influence of attributional style and sexual risk behaviors.
Attributional Style Questionnaire by Peterson et al (1981, quoted by Peterson and Seligman, 1984), which included half a dozen hypothetical situation, half positive and half negative was used.
existing preembryo and the potential for attributional parenthood (and
Afterwards, an analysis was made of the correlations between attributional choice and achievement test scores.
Closely related to attributional style is another social cognitive component of career decision making--namely, CDSE--which refers to how confident an individual is that he or she can perform various career-related tasks (Betz & Taylor, 2005).
Personal beliefs or perceptions of motivation include self-efficacy, autonomy, and attributional beliefs.
Negative results make people anxious and depressed, especially unexpected negative outcomes are more surprising and salient, and tend to trigger attributional processes.
Since attributions can affect the thoughts and behaviors relating to consequences of an event and can also be used to predict outcomes (Seligman and Schulman, 1986), explanatory style should be a particularly relevant attributional issue for understanding the relationships between the causal interpretation of the events that led to the failure of a business and what the outcomes resulting from that failure may be for the entrepreneur.
How do the main areas of academic self-efficacy research--prior performance, modeling, goal setting, and attributional feedback--affect online learners?
At the level of metacognitive system functioning, because of their negative academic self-efficacy perceptions and low motivation to gain meaningful knowledge, students with LD--particularly those with a tendency to develop maladaptive attributional patterns (Nunez et al.