attributable risk


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Related to attributable risk: Relative risk

risk

 [risk]
a danger or hazard; the probability of suffering harm.
attributable risk the amount or proportion of incidence of disease or death (or risk of disease or death) in individuals exposed to a specific risk factor that can be attributed to exposure to that factor; the difference in the risk for unexposed versus exposed individuals.
empiric risk the probability that a trait will occur or recur in a family based solely on experience rather than on knowledge of the causative mechanism. See also genetic risk.
genetic risk the probability that a trait will occur or recur in a family, based on knowledge of its genetic pattern of transmission. See also empiric risk.
relative risk for a disease, death, or other outcome, the ratio of the incidence rate among individuals with a given risk factor to the incidence rate among those without it.

at·tri·but·a·ble risk

the rate of a disease or other outcome in exposed individuals that can be attributed to the exposure.

attributable risk

Epidemiology Any factor which ↑ the risk of suffering a particular condition. See Relative risk, Risk factor. Cf Nonattributable risk Statistics The rate of a disorder in exposed subjects that is attributable to the exposure derived from subtracting the rate–incidence or mortality of the disorder of a nonexposed population from the rate in an exposed population.

attributable

emanating from or pertaining to attribute.

attributable proportion
see attributable risk (below).
attributable risk
a measure of the proportion of the total risk which can be attributed to the risk factor which is under consideration. Called also attributable proportion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dry eye: prevalence and attributable risk factors in a hospital based population.
In the present study, the attributable risks of each child were summed, resulting in scores ranging from zero (no cariogenic feeding practices) to 226 (all cariogenic feeding practices).
Measured as a population attributable risk percentage, we estimate that 28.
For example, in the Vioxx context, the attributable risk ratio can be calculated by plugging in the increased relative risk of heart attack (5) observed in one of the published studies of subjects taking the drug: (13)
Difference between relative and attributable risk Incidence of patients with green toes drug A = 0.
In practice, care must be taken not to oversimplify by ignoring: (a) variability in the cost per association, the number of associations per adverse outcome, and so on; (b) limitations imposed by the percent attributable risk due to genomics; and (c) potentially hidden factors such as the cost of research failures.
It should be stressed that attributable risk is only valid if causality between the exposure and disease exists.
Attributable risk was defined as the incidence proportion in the exposed group minus the incidence proportion in the UNX group, which was adjusted for differences in the distribution of covariates between groups.
The preliminary data from the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD), presented at the meeting, suggest an attributable risk of 61 per 100,000 cases, or 1 excess febrile seizure for every 1,640 vaccinees who receive both vaccines simultaneously.
Attributable risk percent was used to estimate the proportion of sequelae for which prior exposure to an enteric infection was a component cause.
3 percent of the study group had an estimated lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of cancer of greater than 1 percent.
A non-negligible lifetime attributable risk of cancer from cumulative professional exposure of cardiac catheterization staff was reported in a recent study.