astrocyte

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Related to astrocytic: protoplasmic astrocyte

astrocyte

 [as´tro-sīt]
a neuroglial cell of ectodermal origin, characterized by fibrous or protoplasmic processes; collectively called astroglia or macroglia.
 Astrocyte in association with a blood vessel. From Dorland's, 2000.

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt),
One of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue.
See also: neuroglia.
[G. astron, star, + kytos, hollow (cell)]

astrocyte

/as·tro·cyte/ (as´tro-sīt) a neuroglial cell of ectodermal origin, characterized by fibrous, protoplasmic, or plasmatofibrous processes. Collectively called astroglia.
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Astrocyte in association with a blood vessel.

astrocyte

(ăs′trə-sīt′)
n.
A star-shaped cell, especially a neuroglial cell of nervous tissue.

as′tro·cyt′ic (-sĭt′ĭk) adj.

astrocyte

[as′trōsīt′]
Etymology: Gk, aster + kytos, cell
a large, star-shaped neuroglial cell with many branches, found in certain tissues of the nervous system.
enlarge picture
Astrocyte

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt, astrŏ-sīt)
One of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue.
See also: neuroglia
Synonym(s): astroglia, macroglia.
[G. astēr, star, + kytos, chamber, cell]
Enlarge picture
ASTROCYTES

astrocyte

(as'tro-sit?) [ astro- + -cyte, cell]
A common, asterisk-shaped glial cell with many radiating cell processes. Astrocytes are neuroectodermal cells that begin as radial glia that later mature into multipolar cells. Astrocytes are spread homogeneously throughout the central nervous system and each astocyte occupies its own compartment of neuropil. The cell processes of an astrocyte are covered with "leaflets" of cytoplasm that contact axons, synaptic structures, blood vessels, and neighboring glia. Touching astrocytes are electrically coupled and can propagate calcium potentials and within its microdomain of neuropil, each astrocyte regulates the extracellular concentration of certain molecules, including neurotransmitters. In areas of injury, astrocytes can proliferate.
Synonym: astroglial cell See: illustrationastrocytic (as?tro-sit'ik), adjective

Cajal,

Santiago, Spanish histologist and Nobel laureate, 1852-1934.
Cajal astrocyte stain - a method for demonstrating astrocytes by impregnation in a solution containing gold chloride and mercuric chloride.
Cajal cell - Synonym(s): horizontal cell of Cajal
Cajal formol ammonium bromide solution
Cajal gold-sublimate method
Cajal uranium silver method
horizontal cell of Cajal - a small fusiform cell found in the superficial layer of the cerebral cortex with its long axis placed horizontally. Synonym(s): astrocyte; Cajal cell
interstitial nucleus of Cajal - a group of neurons believed to be involved in the integration of head and eye movements. Synonym(s): interstitial nucleus

Deiters,

Otto F.K., German anatomist, 1834-1863.
Deiters cells - the supporting cells of the organ of Corti; one of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue. Synonym(s): astrocyte; phalangeal cell
Deiters nucleus - lateral vestibular nucleus.
Deiters terminal frames - platelike structures in the organ of Corti uniting the outer phalangeal cells with Hensen cells.

neuroglia

non-neuronal cells located within the central and peripheral nervous systems

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt, astrŏ-sīt)
One of the large neuroglial cells of neural tissue.
See: neuroglia
[G. astēr, star, + kytos, chamber, cell]

astrocyte

a neuroglial cell of ectodermal origin, characterized by fibrous or protoplasmic processes; collectively called astroglia or macroglia.

gemistocytic astrocyte
a plump astrocyte which results from injury to nervous tissue. Usually an extensive area is involved.
References in periodicals archive ?
2007) recently compared levels of IL-6 and IL-10 in astrocytic neoplasms and in peripheral blood.
Between neurons, filamentous structures positive for vimentin; may correspond to astrocytic processes (arrowheads) (D).
However, many of the transplanted BMSC expressed GFAP, an astrocytic protein, in injured spinal cord (48).
2,3) This type of astrocytic degeneration has been reported in both children and adults; there is no predilection to either sex.
A third study in the same journal links a pregnant woman's diet to her offspring' subsequent risk of astrocytic glioma, the most common brain tumor in children.
In the current BrainStorm-sponsored study at Tel Aviv University, biochemical and immunological methodology showed that human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells may be uniquely differentiated into cells that resemble astrocytes, express astrocytic markers and produce significant levels of GDNF.
GliaCure also has a pipeline program for the development of therapeutics for astrocytic targets related to sleep disorders and depression.
The specific objectives of this application, which are fundamental in the pursuit of that goal, are (1) to determine the properties of astrocytic modulation of synaptic transmission; and (2) to characterize how such modulation shapes neuronal activity in neuron-glia networks of the brain.
Astrocytic plaques and threads in cortex were also highlighted by Gallyas stains (Figure 11, E).
Glial activation was indicated by increased mRNA of the microglial markers CD14 (innate immune receptor) (Figure 3A) and CD68 (macrosialin) (Figure 3B), and of astrocytic GFAP (Figure 3C).
Astrocytic hypertrophy and altered GFAP degradation with age in subcortical white matter of the rhesus monkey.
Astrocytic deformity and globular structures are characteristic of the brain of patients with aceruloplasminemia.