astragalus

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astragalus

 [ah-strag´ah-lus]
talus. adj., adj astrag´alar.

Astragalus

(as-trag'ă-lŭs),
A genus of plants (family Leguminosae), notably Astragalus mollissimus (locoweed) on the range lands of western North America, capable of taking selenium from the soil and poisoning sheep, cattle, and horses. Astragalus gummifer is a source of tragacanth.

as·trag·a·lus

(ă-strag'ă-lŭs),
Surgical operation involving reconstruction or reformation of any structure using healthy tissue, usually in the course of cosmetic procedures.
[G. ana, again, + plastos, formed]

astragalus

/as·trag·a·lus/ (as-trag´ah-lus) talus.astrag´alar

astragalus

(ə-străg′ə-ləs)
n. pl. astraga·li (-lī′)
1. The dried root of the East Asian herb Astragalus membranaceus of the pea family, used in herbal medicine. Also called milk vetch.
3. See talus1.

as·trag′a·lar adj.

astragalus1

an herb that is grown throughout the world, most commonly in China, Japan, and Korea.
uses This herb is used as an immune stimulant; for viral infections, HIV/AIDS, cancer, and vascular disorders; to improve circulation; and to lower blood pressure. In most instances, there is insufficient reliable information regarding its effectiveness.
contraindications Astragalus should not be used during pregnancy and lactation, in children, or during acute infections.

astragalus2

See talus.

astragalus

A herb which contains betaine, choline, essential fatty oils, glycosides, saponins and vitamin A.
 
Chinese medicine
Used for its cardiotonic and diuretic effects, and for adrenal insufficiency, anorexia, bronchitis, cancer, colds, chronic fatigue, diabetes, diarrhoea, hepatitis, hypertension, immune deficiency, organ prolapse, profuse sweating and weakness of extremities.
 
Fringe oncology
Astragalus is said to be useful in managing cancer by boosting immunity.

Western herbal medicine
In Western herbology, astragalus has been used as a digestive tonic, to enhance immunity, and for managing AIDS, cancer, chronic fatigue and the common cold

As·trag·a·lus

(ă-strag'ă-lŭs)
A genus of plants (e.g., locoweed) on the range lands of western North America, capable of taking selenium from the soil and poisoning sheep, cattle, and horses. A. gummifer is a source of tragacanth.
Synonym(s): goat thorn, huang chi, milk vetch root, yellow leader.
[L., fr. G. astragalos, ankle bone]

astragalus

The talus bone. The upper bone of the foot, on which the tibia rests.

talus

; astragalus ankle bone
  • inferior surface of body of talus articulates with superior aspect of calcaneum, forming subtalar joint

  • head of talus articulates with navicular forming TNJ itself a component of midtarsal joint

  • superior (trochlear) surface of body of talus articulates with inferior ends of tibia and fibula, forming ankle joint

astragalus (aˑ·str·gä·ls),

n Latin names:
Astragalus membranaceus, Astragalus gummifer; part used: roots; uses: cold, fatigue, bronchitis, flu, immune system stimulant, reduction of side effects of chemotherapy; precautions: none known. Also called
huang-qi or
tragacanth.

Astragalus

a genus of the legume family Fabaceae in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Many of the Astragalus spp. are poisonous with several forms of poisoning.
A number of species of the genus grow preferentially in selenium-rich soils and accumulate much more selenium than other plants, enhancing the probability of producing selenium poisoning. Included are A. bisulcatus, A. pattersonii, A. pectinatus, A. praelongus, A. preussi, A. racemosus.
Many species of the genus contain toxic aliphatic nitro compounds. Poisoning is manifested by nitrite ('nitro') poisoning or by acute respiratory distress or chronic incoordination, blindness and respiratory stertor. Includes A. arequipensis, A. atropubescens, A. bergii, A. campestris, A. canadensis, A. chamissonis, A. cryptobotrys, A. distinens, A. emoryanus var. emoryanus, A. falcatus, A. garbancillo, A. hamosus, A. hylophylus, A. miser, A. miser var. hylophylus (locoweed, timber milk vetch), A. miser var. oblongifolus, A. miser var. serotinus, A. oblongifolus, A. palenae, A. pehuenches, A. pterocarpus, A. serotinus, A. tetrapterus, A. toanus, A. vesiculosus.
Long-term ingestion of any one of a series of species of the plant causes 'loco' or locoweed poisoning, an acquired lysosomal storage disease caused by swainsonine, which is manifested by incoordination, extreme hypersensitivity and excitability. Includes A. allochrous, A. argillophilus, A. bisulcatus, A. diphysus, A. earlei, A. lentiginosus, A. lonchocarpus, A. lusitanicus (Erophaca baetica), A. missouriensis, A. mollisimus, A. nothoxys, A. nuttallianus, A. pubentissimus, A. strictus, A. tephrodes, A. thurberi, A. wootonii, A. variabilis. Chronic heart failure due to swainsonine is caused by A. lentiginosus at high altitudes.
Abortion is a common manifestation and is accompanied by a great variety of skeletal defects including arthrogryposis and hypermobility. Called also locoweed, milk vetch.

astragalus

see talus.
References in periodicals archive ?
094 Sutchuenoside A m/z was short for mass to charge ratio, ppm was short for parts per million, Y indicates compounds of Herba Epimedii, H indicates compounds of Radix Astragali, D indicates compounds of Radix Rehmanniae, F indicates compounds of Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang, Rt was short for retention time.
Optimisation of the microwave- assisted extraction process for four main astragalosides in Radix Astragali.
Astragali Radix: HR, Hedysari Radix; DBT, Danggui Buxue Tang; TCM, traditional Chinese medicine.
Radix Astragali (Huang-qi), which is prepared from the dried roots of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.
Chinese herbal formula Astragali Radix (AR) and Rehmanniae Radix (RR) were found to promote the formation of granulation tissue at diabetic foot ulcer bed (Wong et al.
Keywords: Danggui Buxue Tang Astragali Radix Angelicae Sinensis Radix Herbal medicine Traditional Chinese medicine
Of all the hepatoprotective herbal medicines, Fructus Schisandrae and Radix Astragali are the most widely used in the prevention and treatment of liver injury, and these two herbal drugs have been developed into various healthy foods (Feng et al.
Astragali radix is a herbal medicine used as an adjuvant extensively in the treatment of various cancers of lung, digestive tract, urinary system, etc.
Absorption and metabolism of Astragali Radix decoction: in silico, in vitro, and a case study in vivo.