Assuming for simplicity that all stimulus elements had the same level of salience and that the original learning and subsequent extinction treatment had been complete at the final session of each phase, the associative strength of Stimulus TA would change from 1 to 0.
Schmajuk & Holland, 1998) of the taste-LiC1 association by contexts rather than the summation of associative strengths of taste-LiC1 and context-LiC1 connections.
Federico Landi, Vice Director of Confindustria Italia, delves into the topic of the need of supporting Italian economic initiative abroad: "On the other shore of the Adriatic Sea we found a 'critical mass' of Italian entrepreneurs and we decided to offer them our associative strength
Equally, constructing procedures that aim to target the associative strength between mental representations presupposes that the psychological attribute of interest (i.
During one block of trials, the test of associative strength involves attaching the same response to two stimuli by presenting the associated label and target stimulus together (in close spatial proximity) on one side of the screen.
It is possible that the monkeys were employing multiple response strategies, including some bias toward novel stimuli (which may, in itself, be evidence of rule use) and the differential weighting of more recent outcomes of responses in terms of associative strength
Although the book mentions contrast effects, so important because of their implications for the determination of associative strength
, it does not address behavioral contrast (the effect that a change in one component of a multiple schedule has on the unchanged component).
AB] is the associative strength
of the configuration AB; [E.
In an overshadowing procedure cues are presented in compound and later tests of the associative strength
of the individual cues may indicate that the learning of one element of the compound was moderated (overshadowed) by the other element of the compound.
Both RFT and associative conditioning accounts predict, therefore, that trial types involving end terms will produce faster reaction times than those that do not because they possess either the strongest or weakest associative strengths
(note that RFT would describe these effects in terms of the strongest directly trained reinforcing and punishing functions, rather than employing the concept of associative strength
Because the temporal parameters used for each of these groups yield identical ratios of intertrial interval to trial duration and of interreinforcer interval (cycle) to trial duration for both the CS and cover stimuli, Scalar Expectancy Theory (SET) predicts comparable levels of acquired associative strength
across these groups (Gibbon & Balsam, 1981).
Therefore, the confirming evidence for backward conditioning under the resistance-to-reinforcement tests must be evaluated in light of the failure to show backward conditioning under other conventional tests for associative strength