associative strategy

associative strategy

in sport psychology, a strategy used by athletes in which they focus attention on internal sensations in order to identify and reduce muscular tension by relaxation. Also known as association. See also dissociative strategy.
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While some studies have shown no evidence of a relationship [810] the majority of studies have provided evidence for improved performance as a result of the adoption of an associative strategy and that more experienced competitors tend to use association to a greater degree than less experienced competitors [1114].
Thus when task demands are low athletes may adopt an associative strategy a dissociative strategy or alternate between the two depending on situational and/or personal factors [31].
They employ an associative strategy that at first seems effortless, but that on closer examination spirals outward from object to medium to other artworks to the culture at large.