association areas


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Related to association areas: Wernicke's area, mesocortex

as·so·ci·a·tion cor·tex

generic term denoting the large expanses of the cerebral cortex that are not sensory or motor in the customary sense, but are involved in advanced stages of sensory information processing, multisensory integration, or sensorimotor integration.
See also: cerebral cortex.
Synonym(s): association areas

as·so·ci·a·tion cortex

, association areas (ă-sō'sē-ā'shŭn kōr'teks, ār'ē-ăz)
Generic term denoting the large expanses of the cerebral cortex that are not sensory or motor in the customary sense, but are involved in advanced stages of sensory information processing, multisensory integration, or sensorimotor integration.
See also: cerebral cortex

association areas

Areas of the outer layer of the brain concerned with the integration of sensory and other data with other aspects of brain function, and the elaboration of them into the complex processes underlying higher mental functions such as language, imagination and creativity. Thus, damage to the visual association area, while not in any way affecting the primary function of vision, might lead to an inability to recognize or interpret what is seen.

association

1. close relation in time or space. In neurology, correlation involving a high degree of modifiability and also consciousness. In genetics, the occurrence together of two characteristics (e.g. blood group O and peptic ulcers) at a frequency greater than would be predicted on the basis of chance.
2. in statistics an association is present if the probability of an event, or the quantity of a variable, depends on the occurrence of other events or the quantity of other variables. If the weight of evidence suggests that the changes in one of the variables causes the alteration in the other the association is said to be causal. In the reverse situation, where no such causal relationship exists, the association is said to be a noncausal one.

association areas
areas of the cerebral cortex (excluding primary areas) connected with each other and with the neothalamus; they are responsible for higher mental and emotional processes, including memory, learning, etc.
epidemiological association
the association between a disease and a cause.
association points
in acupuncture terms all are located on the bladder meridian, along the back 1 to 1.5 inches from the midline. Called also shu points.
Enlarge picture
Acupuncture association points. By permission from Schoen AM, Wynn SG, Pratt PW, Alternative and Complementary Therapies in Veterinary Medicine, 1997
association strength (degree)
the strength of association between a disease and a cause. Is usually indicated by the relative risk.
References in periodicals archive ?
The motor association area also provides connections for cranial nerves III, IV, VI, IX, X and XI.
Research association areas comprise joint R&D on bio-based platform chemicals, bio-processing, pre-treatment of biomass and other topics related to biomass-to-chemicals.
The findings confirm that higher order association areas in the brain have complex functional architectures which appear to be preserved and or expanded during the evolutionary process," said study co-leader Dr.

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