aspergilloma


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aspergilloma

 [as″per-jil-o´mah]
the most common kind of fungus ball formed by colonization of Aspergillus in a bronchus or lung cavity.

as·per·gil·lo·ma

(as'per-ji-lō'mă),
A ball-like mass of Aspergillus hyphae colonizing an existing cavity in the lung.
[aspergillus + -oma, tumor]

aspergilloma

/as·per·gil·lo·ma/ (as″per-jil-o´mah) the most common kind of fungus ball, caused by Aspergillus in a bronchus or lung cavity.
A tumour-like mass of fungi, classically from the saprobic form of Aspergillus spp, which colonises a preexisting pulmonary cavity
DiffDx—Radiology Abcesses, ankylosing spondylitis, congenital lung cysts, cystic bronchiectasis, emphysematous bullae, cavitary histoplasmosis, neoplasia, radiation fibrosis, sarcoidosis, AIDS
Management Surgical excision of large lesions carries a 5–10% intraoperative mortality rate and a 25–35% complication rate, but, without surgery, potentially fatal haemoptysis occurs in 50–83%

as·per·gil·lo·ma

(as'pĕr-ji-lō'mă)
1. An infectious granuloma caused by Aspergillus.
2. A variety of bronchopulmonary aspergillosis; a ball-like mass of Aspergillus fumigatus colonizing an existing cavity in the lung.

aspergilloma

A tumour-like mass that can form in the lungs in the course of the disease ASPERGILLOSIS. This can cause coughing of blood and may be mistaken for BRONCHIAL CARCINOMA. The condition is common in people with healed tuberculous cavities in the lungs. Surgery to remove that affected parts of the lung may be necessary.

Aspergilloma

A ball or mass made of Aspergillus fungi that can form in the lungs of patients with suppressed immune systems.
Mentioned in: Aspergillosis

aspergilloma

a tumorlike granulomatous mass formed by colonization of Aspergillus in a bronchus, pulmonary spaces, or pulmonary cavity; the organism may disseminate through the bloodstream to the brain, heart and kidneys.
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary frontal sinus aspergilloma is a rare clinical condition that is difficult to diagnose.
Pulmonary cavitary mass containing a mural nodule: Differential diagnosis between intracavitary aspergilloma and cavitating lung cancer on contrast-enhanced computed tomography.
Study exclusion criteria included invasive aspergillosis in which the disease was limited to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), aspergilloma, or ocular disease; Candida endocarditis, osteomyelitis, or meningitis; prosthetic device at suspected site of infection not removed within 72 hours; esophageal candidiasis limited to oropharynx and other cause of esophagitis or other esophageal pathology.
Mutations in the cyp51A gene and susceptibility to itraconazole in Aspergillus fumigatus serially isolated from a patient with lung aspergilloma.
Anti-GQ1b-negative Miller-Fisher syndrome with lower cranial nerve involvement from parasinusoidal aspergilloma.
Buna karsin, alerjik bronkopulmoner aspergilloz (ABPA), aspergilloma ve invazif aspergilloz (IA) sendromlarinda vucutta micel kolonizasyonu veya invazyonu mevcuttur.
Following partial resection of her right lung, she was found to have an aspergilloma and no evidence of active Wegener granulomatosis.
Infection can occur in the lungs and in many organs and tissues, such as heart, liver, eye, nose, ear and skeletal muscle, resulting in conditions such as allergic aspergillosis, aspergilloma and invasive aspergillosis.
Azole resistance may develop in patients with cavitary lung lesions, such as aspergilloma, or in patients with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis who are treated with mold-active azoles, most notably, itraconazole (7,17).
Even though most commonly occurring as an opportunistic infection, aspergilloma is well described in immunocompetent patients, especially in the context of local infection of the ear or paranasal sinuses.