artificial ventilation (artificial respiration)

(redirected from artificial ventilation artificial respiration)

artificial ventilation (artificial respiration)

restoration or maintenance of ventilation of the lungs by various means, when spontaneous breathing stops (apnoea) or is inadequate for any reason, including drowning, drug overdose, paralysis or weakness of breathing muscles; also when a patient's breathing is deliberately paralysed with relaxant drugs for artificial control under anaesthesia. First aid methods include mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose breathing; mechanical devices include those delivering intermittent inflation from gas cylinders or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for assisted ventilation. See also cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).