artificial feeding


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feeding

 [fēd´ing]
1. the taking of food.
2. the giving of food.
3. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as providing nutritional intake for a patient who is unable to feed self.
artificial feeding feeding of a baby with food other than mother's milk.
bottle feeding in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as preparation and administration of fluids to an infant via a bottle.
breast feeding breastfeeding.
enteral tube feeding in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as delivering nutrients and water through a gastrointestinal tube.
forced feeding administration of food by force to those who cannot or will not receive it.
intravenous feeding administration of nutrient fluids through a vein; see also intravenous infusion and parenteral nutrition.
feeding procedures in the omaha system, any method of giving food or fluid, including breast, formula, intravenous, or tube.
supplemental feeding a planned additional food or nutrient that is added to the usual diet, often as a powder, formula, or tablet.
tube feeding see tube feeding.

artificial feeding

1. Providing a liquid food preparation through a tube passed into the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, or rarely, the rectum or intravenously. This is also done through gastrostomy or duodenostomy. See: hyperalimentation
2. Feeding of an infant with food other than mother's milk.
See also: feeding

feeding

the taking or giving of food.

animal feeding unit
(AFO) see AFO/CAFO.
artificial feeding
feeding of a neonate with food other than its dam's milk.
feeding behavior
difficulty in prehension, quidding, regurgitation through the nostrils, coughing and aspiration are all abnormalities of feeding behavior of clinical importance.
challenge feeding
animals are fed more feed than their present production or growth justifies in an attempt to elicit higher production still.
enteral feeding
see enteral feeding.
force feeding
administration of food by force to animals who cannot or will not receive it, e.g. anorexic animals or weak neonates.
intravenous feeding
administration of nutrient fluids through a vein. See also intravenous infusion.
lead feeding
see challenge feeding (above).
limit feeding
occurs where grower finisher pigs are fed a specific amount of food in a specific time period versus free access to feed. Limit feeding is common in Europe but not in the United States, except for gestating sows.
feeding module
a concentrated source of one type of nutrient, e.g. carbohydrate, fat or protein.
orphan feeding
diets for newborn animals which have lost their dams; milk replacers.
feeding pattern
1. the procedure adopted by an animal while eating a meal. May consist of eating concentrates before roughage. Includes nibbling, gorging and sham feeding. See also feeding behavior (above).
2. the program of feeding adopted by the animal's custodian. Includes single, large meals, frequent, small snacks.
pellet feeding
the ration is converted into pellets, logs or bricks. Has the advantage of reducing wastage and facilitating feeding especially with automatic feeders. There is the additional cost of manufacturing.
restricted feeding
used in times of shortage, e.g. during a drought or as a management tool to modify the carcass, especially its fat content, or the milk yield at drying off. Restraint in feeding for animals that receive only stored feeds is simple. There are difficulties in animals that are at pasture or in feedlots on self-feeders. For pastured animals strip grazing is the accepted strategy. In feedlots it is customary to add a feed-aversion agent such as salt or flowers of sulfur to grain ration.
silo feeding
feed stored in a silo is augered out to surrounding troughs. May be grain or ensilage.
feeding trial
assessment of the performance of a particular feed, determined by any of several parameters, e.g. body weight (loss or gain), digestibility, growth rate, palatability, of the feed being fed over a set period of time.
tube feeding
feeding of liquids and semisolid foods through an esophageal or gastric tube.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, if oral vaccines do get approval there will be a need to guard against over-dosing, ensuring that non-target animals do not consume treated bait, as well as changes in natural behaviour caused by artificial feeding.
The research suggests that a soya oil-based substance - intralipid - which is used for artificial feeding of patients with stomach problems can boost the likelihood of getting pregnant through IVF.
In addition, there are all kinds of facilities for artificial feeding of the wild bears to prevent them from entering in contact with the local people.
The disclosure came as the college issued guidelines urging doctors and nurses to view artificial feeding as a "last resort".
Al-Dakhil seconded the view by saying the Arab media has grown complacent and that "many are like bedridden patients dependent on artificial feeding.
In sub-Saharan Africa, reduction in HIV infection through breastfeeding requires either artificial feeding or exclusive breastfeeding with early weaning.
For the first time in an English court, it was decided to stop artificial feeding through a tube and stopping treatment would "be in accordance with good medical practice.
Under the Ministry of Health's The Code in New Zealand document, adverts must not breach the code by using pictures of a baby that could idealise artificial feeding, or advertise first milks (the tin on the left clearly says "suitable from birth").
The roundtable discussion concerning the draft law on breastfeeding protection and regulation of marketing of artificial feeding products was held in Talas city administration on August 6.
After 10 days, bacteria were harvested, suspended in sterile phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and used immediately for artificial feeding of ticks.
With thousands and thousands facing artificial feeding issues, Judy's story has widespread medical interest.
Jeejeebhoy is able to save Judy's life by developing an artificial feeding program called Total Parental Nutrition which is referred to as TPN.