artificial feeding


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feeding

 [fēd´ing]
1. the taking of food.
2. the giving of food.
3. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as providing nutritional intake for a patient who is unable to feed self.
artificial feeding feeding of a baby with food other than mother's milk.
bottle feeding in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as preparation and administration of fluids to an infant via a bottle.
breast feeding breastfeeding.
enteral tube feeding in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as delivering nutrients and water through a gastrointestinal tube.
forced feeding administration of food by force to those who cannot or will not receive it.
intravenous feeding administration of nutrient fluids through a vein; see also intravenous infusion and parenteral nutrition.
feeding procedures in the omaha system, any method of giving food or fluid, including breast, formula, intravenous, or tube.
supplemental feeding a planned additional food or nutrient that is added to the usual diet, often as a powder, formula, or tablet.
tube feeding see tube feeding.

artificial feeding

1. Providing a liquid food preparation through a tube passed into the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, or rarely, the rectum or intravenously. This is also done through gastrostomy or duodenostomy. See: hyperalimentation
2. Feeding of an infant with food other than mother's milk.
See also: feeding

feeding

the taking or giving of food.

animal feeding unit
(AFO) see AFO/CAFO.
artificial feeding
feeding of a neonate with food other than its dam's milk.
feeding behavior
difficulty in prehension, quidding, regurgitation through the nostrils, coughing and aspiration are all abnormalities of feeding behavior of clinical importance.
challenge feeding
animals are fed more feed than their present production or growth justifies in an attempt to elicit higher production still.
enteral feeding
see enteral feeding.
force feeding
administration of food by force to animals who cannot or will not receive it, e.g. anorexic animals or weak neonates.
intravenous feeding
administration of nutrient fluids through a vein. See also intravenous infusion.
lead feeding
see challenge feeding (above).
limit feeding
occurs where grower finisher pigs are fed a specific amount of food in a specific time period versus free access to feed. Limit feeding is common in Europe but not in the United States, except for gestating sows.
feeding module
a concentrated source of one type of nutrient, e.g. carbohydrate, fat or protein.
orphan feeding
diets for newborn animals which have lost their dams; milk replacers.
feeding pattern
1. the procedure adopted by an animal while eating a meal. May consist of eating concentrates before roughage. Includes nibbling, gorging and sham feeding. See also feeding behavior (above).
2. the program of feeding adopted by the animal's custodian. Includes single, large meals, frequent, small snacks.
pellet feeding
the ration is converted into pellets, logs or bricks. Has the advantage of reducing wastage and facilitating feeding especially with automatic feeders. There is the additional cost of manufacturing.
restricted feeding
used in times of shortage, e.g. during a drought or as a management tool to modify the carcass, especially its fat content, or the milk yield at drying off. Restraint in feeding for animals that receive only stored feeds is simple. There are difficulties in animals that are at pasture or in feedlots on self-feeders. For pastured animals strip grazing is the accepted strategy. In feedlots it is customary to add a feed-aversion agent such as salt or flowers of sulfur to grain ration.
silo feeding
feed stored in a silo is augered out to surrounding troughs. May be grain or ensilage.
feeding trial
assessment of the performance of a particular feed, determined by any of several parameters, e.g. body weight (loss or gain), digestibility, growth rate, palatability, of the feed being fed over a set period of time.
tube feeding
feeding of liquids and semisolid foods through an esophageal or gastric tube.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of our study suggest that the high levels of OTA found in the majority of blood-serum and kidney samples of wild boars may be due to intensive artificial feeding with poor-quality feed.
He believes both species are surviving because of the artificial feeding and other measures of the local Forestry Agency units.
The method of artificial feeding does not promote full engorgement of the specimens and fails to perfectly replicate natural feeding conditions; on the other hand, it reduces the number of variables to be considered in the tick feeding process (JASINSKAS et al.
The general experimental framework of artificial feeding is shown in Figure 1.
Jeejeebhoy is able to save Judy's life by developing an artificial feeding program called Total Parental Nutrition which is referred to as TPN.
Artificial feeding stations (similar to those described by Brown 1971) were utilized to observe possible interspecific and intraspecific interactions.
Regarding the new Vatican rules on artificial feeding (NCR, Oct.
Artificial feeding and hydration does not need to be continued, the Vatican commentary said, when the patient can no longer assimilate foods and liquids, so their provision becomes useless; when a feeding tube causes significant physical discomfort or leads to other medical problems; or in remote or impoverished places where feeding tubes are not available.
orizicolus: RDel populations from Turrucares, Tejar and Guanacaste were separately evaluated, in order to determine differential adaptability to the artificial feeding system.
The questions he asked, however, echo those of many facing difficult decisions about end-of-life care: "What is natural about a body kept biologically functional with the help of artificial respirators, artificial feeding, artificial hydration, artificial intestinal emptying, of death artificially postponed?
A study of 10 clinical pathology values in 4 groups of Andean flamingo chicks (Phoenicoparrus andinus) was conducted to evaluate an artificial feeding program in Chile.
The former care worker died on August 9, 2003, after a judge gave permission for Bradford Royal Infirmary to end artificial feeding.