artificial


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artificial

 [ahr″tĭ-fish´al]
made by art; not natural or pathologic.
artificial respiration any method of forcing air into the lungs in a person who still has a pulse but whose breathing has stopped. Artificial respiration can be given with no equipment, so that it is an ideal emergency first aid procedure. Ideally, it should be given using a pocket face mask or a bag valve mask; in the absence of emergency resuscitation equipment, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation may be done.
Indications. Artificial respiration can save a life whenever breathing has stopped but heartbeat has not, as in near-drowning, electric shock, choking, gas poisoning, drug poisoning, injury to the chest, or suffocation from other causes. It is also administered along with other procedures in cases of cardiac arrest. Usually one can tell that breathing has stopped by listening, observing, and feeling for respiratory movement. The cause of the stoppage of breathing may be obvious (as when a drowning person is pulled out of the water) or unknown.
Procedure. To be effective, artificial respiration must be begun immediately. At the same time artificial respiration is begun someone should call for emergency medical assistance, but if there is no one to send, artificial respiration should be given in preference to going for help. Any obstruction must be removed from the victim's mouth that would interfere with the passage of air, such as mud, sand, chewing gum, or displaced false teeth. Once begun, artificial respiration should be continued until the victim begins to breathe regularly by himself, until trained emergency personnel take charge, until the rescuer cannot continue because of fatigue, or until a physician determines that the patient is dead. Do not give up easily; victims have recovered as long as 4 hours after artificial respiration was started. If cardiac arrest occurs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be started. If only one person is present, that person should provide both alternately.Once revived, the victim is kept quiet, covered to prevent chills, and given other first aid for shock.

artificial

[är′tifish′əl]
Etymology: L, artificium, not natural
1 made by human work as a substitute for something that is natural.
2 simulated, resulting from art in imitation of nature.

artificial

adjective Made by art; man-made; synthetic; not natural.

artificial

made by art; not natural or pathological.

artificial abortion
see parturition induction.
artificial bone
see skeletal prosthesis.
artificial breeding
includes diagnosis of estrus, semen collection and handling, and artificial insemination (see below).
artificial breeding organization
a proprietary or cooperative organization dealing in the selection, purchase and maintenance of selected sires, mass collection, storage and sale of semen, employment of artificial inseminators, and often veterinarians skilled in the diseases of the reproductive tract, and the provision of artificial insemination services to individual cows and to herds, flocks or bands of animals. The responsibility is usually assumed for the keeping of complete records and the provision of these to clients and in the form of a periodic report. It is inherent in the animal industries that artificial breeding has as its objectives the genetic improvement and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases of the species that it serves. Embryo transplantation and its attendant technologies could become part of an artificial breeding service.
artificial digestion for trichinosis
a sample of the meat to be examined is incubated with a mixture of pepsin and hydrochloric acid and the digesta examined under a microscope for specimens of Trichinella spiralis.
artificial drying
drying or dehydrating of feed by other than natural means of sun and air movement; usually by fossil fuel.
artificial kidney
a popular name for an extracorporeal hemodialyser.
artificial limb
a replacement for a natural limb. See also prosthesis.
artificial milk
see milk replacer.
artificial organ
a mechanical device that can substitute temporarily or permanently for a body organ. Not usually used in veterinary medicine.
artificial parturition induction
see parturition induction.
artificial rearing
the rearing of newborn animals by the use of milk replacer as an artificial diet, and often the provision of an artificial environment with a cloth-lined box and a heat lamp or other heating device. The provision of an appropriate amount of relevant antibodies or a prolonged course of antibiotics is an essential part of the program. The need may be a permanent one because of the death or complete agalactia of the dam, or because management insists on early weaning. It may be temporary if the dam is agalactic for a brief period because of illness.
artificial vagina
a device used in the collection of semen from male animals. The usual construction is of a rigid external tube lined by a flexible, thin rubber sleeve. Water at body temperature is introduced between the tube and the sleeve so as to achieve a spongy warm cavity which is lubricated with inert material. A rubber cone, terminating in a graduated plastic or glass collecting tube, is placed over the distal end of the device which is then ready to use.

Patient discussion about artificial

Q. I am allergic to most of artificial perfumes and body sprays. is there is any method of treatment? If posible, also i need some advices about how to keep my body odour fresh and cool.

A. It depends what you mean by allergic. If you mean that all deodorants/ perfumes and such cause you skin rash - or eczema (a type of mild dermatitis), then it is a very known reaction to ingredients in those products that contain alcohol. You should buy only product that say 'anti-perspirant' on them, meaning they are less likely to cause such allergies. If you are suffering from mal body odur you should bathe twice a day (and use also an 'anti-perspirant' soap.) and consult a dermatologist on the proper treatment for you.

More discussions about artificial
References in classic literature ?
There was a porch at the door, and under this porch the little spring welled up into an artificial basin of a rather odd kind--no other than a great ship's kettle of iron, with the bottom knocked out, and sunk "to her bearings," as the captain said, among the sand.
Therefore the room where company meet who practise this art, is full of all things, ready at hand, requisite to furnish matter for this kind of artificial converse.
And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss--with the brief dialogue that follows, were spoken in a thoroughly artificial manner.
She took him to the wardrobe and property-rooms, took him all over her empire, which was artificial, but immense, covering seventeen stories from the ground-floor to the roof and inhabited by an army of subjects.
The ancient Kings of Egypt conveyed the waters of the Nile to this place by an artificial canal, now so choked with sand, that there are scarce any marks remaining of so noble and beneficial a work.
The natural strength of the people in a large community, in proportion to the artificial strength of the government, is greater than in a small, and of course more competent to a struggle with the attempts of the government to establish a tyranny.
It is generally found possible -- by a little artificial compression or expansion on the part of the State physicians -- to make some of the more intelligent leaders of a rebellion perfectly Regular, and to admit them at once into the privileged classes; a much larger number, who are still below the standard, allured by the prospect of being ultimately ennobled, are induced to enter the State Hospitals, where they are kept in honourable confinement for life; one or two alone of the more obstinate, foolish, and hopelessly irregular are led to execution.
And it is well that nature has so graciously and abundantly lighted the Martian night, for the green men of Mars, being a nomadic race without high intellectual development, have but crude means for artificial lighting; depending principally upon torches, a kind of candle, and a peculiar oil lamp which generates a gas and burns without a wick.
These recognitions alone dispense with the artificial aid of tokens or amulets.
They reached the building, ornamented with magnificent fruits, which ripen at the beginning of July in the artificial temperature which takes the place of the sun, so frequently absent in our climate.
Another cause of a pompous and artificial mode of life, among those who could afford it, was that the example was set by the royal governors.
The same may be said of the other artificial lakes full of ships that go in and out upon this high road to all parts of the world.