Investigate infants with large facial infantile hemangioma for potential arteriopathy
associated with PHACE syndrome prior to HEMANGEOL therapy.
This regional association with dementia subtypes is consistent with the hypothesis that lobar cerebral microbleeds reflect cerebral amyloid angiopathy, which is consistent with Alzheimer's disease, while those in deep areas reflect hypertensive arteriopathy
, which is important in vascular dementia," Lenore Launer, Ph.
Varicella zoster can cause arteriopathy
of the large proximal cerebral arteries.
For example, postvaricella arteriopathy
is a virus that travels from the trigeminal ganglion to the trigeminal nerve along to the cerebral arteries.
MS = multiple sclerosis; CADISIL = cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy
with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy; HTLV-1 = human T-lymphotropic vims type 1; HIV = human immunodefiency virus; ADEM = ac ute disseminated enc ephalomyelitis.
White matter lesions on MRI Vascular disease Leukoaraiosis Vasculitis CADASIL Infections HIV HSV VZV JCV Miscellaneous Sarcoidosis Adrenoleukodystrophy ADEM MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; CADASIL = cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy
with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy; HSV = herpes simplex virus; VZV = varicella zoster virus; JCV = John Cunningham virus; ADEM = acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.
However, a third of patients are inoperable, possibly owing to an arteriopathy
, and their prognosis is usually poor.
Moyamoya is a rare cerebrovascular arteriopathy
characterised by progressive stenosis of the terminal portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and its main branches, and is associated with cerebral ischaemia.
She reviews normal cerebrovascular anatomy and physiology and common pathologic mechanisms, then details (along with other contributors) the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and current nursing interventions (with rationales) for caring for patients with transient ischemic attacks, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, Moyamoya disease, vascular malformations, cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy
with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), Binswanger's disease, antiphospholipid syndrome, migraines, and vasculitis of the central nervous system and cranial vessel.
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy
with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a progressive, hereditary, small vessel angiopathy that affects young adults.
They still contain the same features of small airway narrowing, associated arteriopathy
and pigment deposits, but are more likely to have changes of inflammation and hypersensitivity than scarring, Dr.
Although a study by Koo et al (9) did not find comorbid conditions to be a significant factor in mortality in patients with anticoagulation-related bleeding, other studies found history of cerebrovascular disease, (10,11,16) peripheral arteriopathy
, (16) or hypertension (10) can increase bleeding risk.