is manifested by a pale color of the replanted part, loss of turgor, slow capillary refill, low temperature, and absent pulse.
Certain chronic wounds do not heal in cases such as type-2 diabetes (these wounds can lead to amputation), neuropathic ulcers, venous stasis ulcers, and arterial insufficiency
Results of the case series by Breuing et al (9) suggest that pressure ulcers, arterial insufficiency
ulcers, and nonhealing/surgical wounds may respond better to noncontact low-frequency US than venous stasis and diabetic foot ulcers, in terms of healing.
Chronic ulceration may be seen with arterial insufficiency
, arteriovenous fistulae, peripheral neuropathies, vasculitides, rheumatoid arthritis, blood dyscrasias, e.
The age-associated diseases studied were high blood pressure, angina pectoris (heart-related chest pain), heart attack, peripheral arterial insufficiency
(narrowing and hardening of arteries supplying the legs and feet), cerebrovascular disease (like stroke), adult-onset diabetes, chronic obstructive lung disease, chronic liver disease, reduced kidney function, cancer, and osteoporosis (severe loss of bone mineral density) or fractures not caused by severe trauma.
The urologic community and family doctors have gradually realized that arterial insufficiency
is one of the main causes of ED and that, very often, patients consulting for ED when properly evaluated have an underlying vascular problem.
Food and Drug Administration guidance document recommendation (Guidance for Industry: Chronic Cutaneous Ulcer and Burn Wounds -- Developing Products for Treatment), the individual guidelines published by the Wound Healing Society for Pressure, Diabetic, Venous, and Arterial Insufficiency
Ulcers, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ("AHRQ") standard of evidence, and the Medicare Coverage Advisory Committee "(MEDCAC") wound therapy evaluation recommendations.
Complications of abdominal aortic aneurysms Complications Symptoms Thrombosis Claudication of aneurysm Acute arterial insufficiency
of the lower limbs Peripheral Blue toe embolic Claudication phenomena Acute arterial insufficiency
Pressure on Backache vertebras Leg pain and nerves Ureter obstruction Hydro-ureter (due to retroperitoneal Hydro-nephrosis fibrosis caused Renal Failure by inflammatory aneurysms) Rupture Acute pain Circulatory collapse Table II.
Acute peripheral arterial insufficiency
mostly demonstrates itself as the occlusion of major arteries with coagulum.
Peripheral artery disease was identified in patients with a history of any of several markers, including claudication, arterial insufficiency
, bypass, or a low ankle brachial index.
A new method for the quantitative detection of platelet aggregates in patients with arterial insufficiency
However, surgery for arterial insufficiency
and for venous leakage is still highly controversial.