arsine


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arsine

 [ahr´sēn]
any of several colorless, volatile arsenical bases that are highly toxic and carcinogenic; the most common one is AsH3, arsenous hydride. Some of their compounds have been used in warfare, and a major industrial use is in the production of microelectronic components. Inhalation leads to massive red blood cell hemolysis with secondary renal failure and jaundice. A garliclike odor may be noted with high concentrations.

ar·sine

(ar'sēn),
A cell and blood poison, many organic derivatives of which have been used in chemical warfare.

arsine

/ar·sine/ (ahr´sēn) any member of a group of volatile arsenical bases; the typical is AsH3, a carcinogenic and very poisonous gas; some of its compounds have been used in warfare.

arsine

[ahr′sēn]
any of several colorless, volatile arsenical bases that are highly toxic and carcinogenic; the most common one is AsH3, arsenous trihydride. Some of these compounds have been used in warfare, and a major industrial use is in the production of microelectronic components. Inhalation leads to massive red blood cell hemolysis with secondary renal failure and jaundice. A garliclike odor may be noted with high concentrations. Initial symptoms include headache, vertigo, and nausea.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pollution problems in the metallurgical industry Industry Problems Iron and steelmaking Gases in coke production, slags, blast furnace, cyanides, electric furnace dust, pickle solution Ferroalloys production Arsine and phosphine, silica dust Aluminum industry Mercury, red mud, fluorine compounds, toxic organic compounds, cyanides Sulfide ores: copper, S[O.
The high level of lead and arsine used as ingredients in the product, which cause damage to human organs, is the sole reason for the ban and for the withdrawal from the local market," he added.
There are three other sources in the mitochondria that have been proposed as sources of ROS generations, firstly, the intermediary arsine species that may be formed (83).
First, the many cases of 'Gasio-gas' poisoning, in which arsenic trioxide in wallpaper glue was converted into volatile poisonous trimethyl arsine or 'Gasio-gas' [[(C[H.
Some of the chemicals--including caustic hydrogen fluoride and deadly arsine gas--are toxic, and the fossil fuel consumed contributes to global warming, says Williams.
Table Comparison of Various Hazardous Chemicals to Sarin Hazardous Chemical Physical Odor Color OSHA Permissive Materials State Exposure Level Ammonia G Yes No 50 ppm Arsine G Yes No 0.
Since the explosion on Monday morning, gases including hydrogen, phosphine and arsine, a derivative of arsenic, have started venting from the cargo hold.
Ap Sam and David Buckram mumble about life at Manchester United under manager Sir Alex Freemason, while dirty Diego Meridian reveals why he turned down Arsine Wiener and even considered Brighton and Hove Albino.
A risk-free electrowinning process has been developed in Chile which avoids arsine generation and which claims optimum yield of both copper and arsenic(51).
Now all five ion implantation gases including Arsine, Phosphine, Boron Trifluoride and Silicon Tetrafluoride are available as Safe Delivery Source products from Matheson EPG.
SCHWARTZ: Does phenyl arsine oxide inhibit ruffling and motility?
These chemicals and gases include glycol ethers, which have been identified as "serious reproductive toxins" by the EPA; and arsine, one cylinder of which if leaked could be lethal to an entire semi-conductor production staff.