arrow poison


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ar·row poi·son

1. Synonym(s): curare
2. any natural toxin used to coat arrows, spears, and darts (for example, extracts containing aconitin, ouabain, cardiac glycosides, batrachotoxin, curare).
References in classic literature ?
One day the professor was lecturing on poisions, and he showed his students some alkaloid, as he called it, which he had extracted from some South American arrow poison, and which was so powerful that the least grain meant instant death.
A chemical compound that has been used as arrow poison could one day be part of a male birth control pill.
The ancient Greeks referred to arrow poison as toxikon, short for toxikon pharmakon, literally, "bow drug" (from toxos, "bow").
It has also been reported an application of the expressed bark is an effective antidote for the wound inflicted by arrow poison.
Besides its use as an antidote for arrow poison, the Togolese also use the plant to treat disorders of the skin, intestine and bladder (Addae-Mensah 1992).
Like omai, the arrow poison of the Mentawaians (Zahorka 2004b:34), the ipoh or upas poison acts in a lethal manner only if applied in a parenteralic manner.
To my amazement, I have read that the blood of a beetle was used in South Africa as an arrow poison, and of course leeches produce the most-potent anticoagulants known.
It's in the skin of the S-outh American arrow poison frogs Unfortunately, the chemical hasn't been made into a medicine that we can use yet.
Beginning with a 1963 trip to Suriname as a young researcher for the New York Botanical Garden and ending with a 1987 trip to Ilha de Marajo--the largest island in the world to be surrounded completely by fresh water --Prance combines the story of scientific discovery with stories of dodging anacondas, fighting off malaria, and gaining an in-depth insight into people, plants and landscapes including documenting how indigenous peoples used the local plants for food, hallucinogens and arrow poisons.
The Apocyanaceae (dog banes) are sources of African arrow poisons (for example Carissa acokanthera, bushman's poison' and Strophanthus hispidus) and also contain many of the most beautiful but deadly tropical flowering shrubs such as Plumeria rubra, frangipani', Nerium oleander, common, pink or white oleander' and Thevetia peruviana, yellow oleander' [15].
Follows a historical documentation of how the Europeans influenced the discovery of medicinal plants from Africa and a chapter about Amazonian Indians including only information on arrow poisons, narcotics and stimulants used by the Yanomani and other Amazonian tribes.
The first part includes two fascinating chapters--a lively introduction into the social uses of alkaloids in human history, followed by a detailed anthropological and pharmacological survey of arrow poisons, some of which are still used in Africa and South America for hunting and tribal warfare.