During the 2007 and 2009 study periods, we collected 369 rodents and insectivores and 222 ixodid and 128 argasid
ticks from 6 localities in Kyrgyzstan (Figure 1; Table 1) in accordance with animal subject review boards of Texas Tech University and the State University of New York at Buffalo.
and nuttallielid ticks as parasites and vectors.
tested Carios kelleyi ticks, argasid
tick species found on bats, from residential and community buildings in Iowa, for Anaplasma, Bartonella, Borrelia, Coxiella, and Rickettsia spp.
For example, a novel spirochete that is closely related to the relapsing fever agent Borrelia turicatae has recently been detected in Carios kelleyi, an argasid
bat tick (2,3).
To the Editor: Tick-borne relapsing fever in western North America is a zoonosis caused by spirochetes in the genus Borrelia that are transmitted by argasid
ticks of the genus Ornithodoros (1).
Ixodid and argasid
tick species and West Nile virus.
Tickborne relapsing fever in humans in North America is most often caused by the spirochete Borrelia hermsii, which is transmitted by its argasid
tick vector, Ornithodoros hermsi (1).
heilongjiangensis infections, and as a reaction to argasid
tick bites (21-23).
turicatae, both relapsing fever agents transmitted by argasid
ticks, and for B.
Therefore, tick-borne transmission studies were performed with an ixodid (Ixodes ricinus) and an argasid
tick species (Ornithodoros moubata).
hermsii, is transmitted by Ornithodoros hermsi, a fast-feeding argasid
They draw on papers published from 2000 to 2010 to describe the factors behind the emergence of tick-borne diseases; the basic biology of 25 key tick species in the regions and their life cycles, geographical distributions, and significance as vectors, with photos; factors responsible for the spread and distribution of ticks, including climate, land use, and animal movement; tick-borne infections; the geographical distribution of tick-borne pathogens and the vector ticks; and the surveillance and control of ticks and tick-borne diseases, including sampling methods and control options for ixodids and argasids