arenavirus

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arenavirus

 [ah-re´nah-vi″rus]
any member of a family of spherical or pleomorphic RNA viruses containing host cell–derived ribonucleoproteins, including viruses that cause lassa fever and lymphocytic choriomeningitis; the natural hosts are rodents.

A·re·na·vi·rus

(ă'rē-nă-vī'rŭs),
A genus in the family Arenaviridae that is associated with lymphocytic choriomeningitis and several hemorrhagic fevers.

arenavirus

/are·na·vi·rus/ (ah-re´nah-vi″rus) any virus of the family Arenaviridae.

Arenavirus

/Are·na·vi·rus/ (ah-re´nah-vi″rus) arenaviruses; a genus of viruses of the family Arenaviridae that includes lymphocytic choriomeningitic (LCM) virus, Lassa virus, and viruses of the Tacaribe complex.

arenavirus

(ăr′ə-nə-vī′rəs, ə-rē′nə-, ə-rē′nə-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a family of single-stranded RNA viruses that cause chronic infections in rodents and when transmitted to humans cause various hemorrhagic diseases, including Lassa fever.

Arenavirus

[er′inəvī′rəs]
a genus of viruses usually transmitted to humans by contact with or inhalation of aerosolized excreta of wild rodents. Individual arenaviruses are identified with specific geographic areas, such as Bolivian hemorrhagic fever in one river valley in Bolivia; Lassa fever in Nigeria, Liberia, and Sierra Leone; and Argentine hemorrhagic fever in two agricultural provinces in Argentina. Arenavirus infections are characterized by a slow onset of fever, sweats, malaise, headache, retro-orbital pain, muscle pain, rash, petechiae, hemorrhage, delirium, hypotension, and ulcers of the mouth. In rare cases in health care and family settings, some arenaviruses are associated with secondary person-to-person infection. Treatment is supportive, such as fluid and electrolyte balance, rest, and adequate nutrition. Preventative measures include rodent control. An effective live attenuated vaccine has been used in Argentina. Further trials with other vaccines are underway.

Arenavirus

The single genus of the family Arenaviridae, which includes Lassa virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and the Tacaribe group of haemorrhagic fever (e.g., Junin, Machupo viruses).
 
Vector
Rodents.

Arenavirus

Virology The single genus of the family Arenaviridae, which includes Lassa virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and hemorrhagic fever—eg Junin, Machupo—viruses Vector Rodents. See Arenaviridae.

A·re·na·vi·rus

(ă-rē'nă-vī'rŭs)
A genus in the family Arenaviridae that is associated with lymphocytic choriomeningitis and a number of hemorrhagic fevers.

arenavirus

Any of the family of Arenaviridae of viruses which includes those causing LASSA FEVER and LYMPHOCYTIC CHORIOMENINGITIS. The name derives from the sand-like appearance of the internal granules seen on electron microscopy.

arenavirus

a virus in the family arenaviridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
DeRisi is excited about another possibility: Perhaps the snake viruses are an ancient ancestor to the arenaviruses and filoviruses.
The eight arenaviruses known to occur in North America are associated with seven rodent species, spanning three genera (Salvato et al.
Arenaviruses and the diseases they cause are summarizing in Table 7-5.
Like hantaviruses, which cause a rare, but often fatal, respiratory disease, arenaviruses are believed to be transmitted to humans through inhalation of dust contaminated with the urine, feces, or saliva of infected rodents.
Arenaviruses are a family of viral haemorrhagic fevers related to Lassa fever.
Animals were either sacrificed (voucher specimens deposited in the Museum at Texas Tech University) or transported to the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas for inclusion in a prospective study on the biology of arenaviruses in N.
To evaluate the efficacy of chemical inactivation procedures for specimen removal, we used the US prime select agent and Tier-1 pathogen (4) Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) as a surrogate model for enveloped high-level containment viruses with single-strand, negative-sense RNA genomes, such as arenaviruses, bunyaviruses, filoviruses, orthomyxoviruses, and paramyxoviruses.
BCX4430, an RNA dependent-RNA polymerase inhibitor, has demonstrated broad-spectrum activity against 20 RNA viruses in filoviruses, togaviruses, bunyaviruses, arenaviruses, paramyxoviruses, coronaviruses and flaviviruses.
IHC tests for New World arenaviruses (Machupo, Guanarito, and Sabia viruses), spotted fever rickettsiae, dengue virus, and Leptospira spp.
SIGA has antiviral programs targeting smallpox and other Category A pathogens, including arenaviruses (Lassa fever, Junin, Machupo, Guanarito, Sabia, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis), dengue virus, and the filoviruses (Ebola and Marburg).
Comprehensive panel of real-time TaqMan polymerase chain reaction assays for detection and absolute quantification of filoviruses, arenaviruses, and New World hantaviruses.