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appliance

 [ah-pli´ans]
any of various devices used in dentistry to provide a functional or therapeutic effect, such as a prosthesis, an obturator, or an orthodontic appliance.
fixed appliance an appliance that is attached to the teeth by cement or an adhesive material.
orthodontic appliance a device, either fixed to the teeth or removable, that applies force to the teeth and their supporting structures to produce changes in their relationship to each other and to control their growth and development. Used in orthodontic therapy to move the teeth into esthetically or physiologically better positions, such as better alignment within the dental arch or with the opposing dentition; also used in the treatment of fractures or injuries to the maxilla, to stabilize or immobilize the teeth and jaws. Called also braces.

ap·pli·ance

(ă-plī'ants),
A device used to improve function of a part, or for therapeutic purposes.
[fr. O. Fr. aplier, to apply, fr. L. applico, to fold together]

appliance

/ap·pli·ance/ (ah-pli´ans) in dentistry, a device used to provide a function or therapeutic effect.

appliance

(ə-plī′əns)
n.
A dental or surgical device designed to perform a therapeutic or corrective function.

appliance

[əplī′əns]
Etymology: L, applicare, to apply
1 a device used to perform a specific medical function or to have a specific therapeutic effect.
2 (in dentistry) generally a device to correct a malocclusion, to correct an oral habit, or to stabilize an occlusion.

appliance

A generic term for a manufactured device that performs a certain task (e.g., cooks food, holds bone or teeth together, etc.).

Gastroenterology
A euphemism for a disposable pouch (more commonly, colostomy pouch) attached to the skin of a stoma (e.g., colostomy), into which waste material is discharged.
 
Informatics
See Information appliance.

appliance

GI disease A disposible pouch attached to the skin of a stoma–eg, colostomy, into which waste material is discharged. See Ostomy.

ap·pli·ance

(ă-plī'ăns)
A device used to provide function to a part, or for therapeutic purposes.
[fr. O. Fr. aplier, to apply, fr. L. applico, to fold together]

ap·pli·ance

(ă-plī'ăns)
Device used by dental professionals to improve function of a part or for therapeutic purposes.
[fr. O. Fr. aplier, to apply, fr. L. applico, to fold together]

appliance (əplī´əns),

n a device used to provide function or therapeutic effect. See also restoration.
appliance, Andresen removable orthodontic,
n.pr an appliance intended to function as a passive transmitter and sometimes stimulator of the forces of the perioral muscles. One of the activator types of orthodontic appliances that induces or directs oral forces to contribute to improved tooth position and jaw relationship.
appliance, Begg fixed orthodontic,
n.pr an appliance based on a modified ribbon-arch attachment.
appliance, Bimler removable orthodontic,
n.pr an activator-type appliance.
appliance, chin cup extraoral orthodontic,
n an extraoral traction appliance used to restrain the forward positioning of the mandible and/or the forward growth of the mandible.
appliance, Crozat removable orthodontic,
n.pr a wrought wire appliance originally introduced by George Crozat.
appliance, edgewise fixed orthodontic,
n an orthodontic appliance characterized by attachment brackets with a rectangular slot for engagement of a round or rectangular arch wire.
appliance, extraoral orthodontic,
n a device that uses a portion of the face, neck, or back of the head as a base from which to deliver traction force to the teeth or jaws.
appliance, fixed orthodontic,
n an appliance that is cemented to the teeth or attached by an adhesive material.
appliance, fracture,
n (biphase pin fixation, external pin fixation, Stader splint), any one of the various devices for extraoral reduction and fixation of fractures in which pins, clamps, or screws are placed in the fractured segments, the fractured parts are aligned, and then the pins, clamps, or screws are joined with metal bars or rigid plastic connectors (e.g., the Stader splint or Roger-Anderson pin-fixation appliance).
appliance, Frankel removable orthodontic,
n.pr an activator-type appliance.
appliance, Hawley retaining orthodontic,
n.pr See retainer.
appliance, hay rake fixed orthodontic,
n a device used to limit abnormal swallowing excursions of the tongue. In this manner, harmful effects of tongue thrusting are mitigated until the patient learns a new swallowing pattern.
appliance, intraoral orthodontic
n a device placed inside the oral cavity to correct or alleviate a malocclusion.
appliance, Kloehn cervical extraoral orthodontic
n.pr the classical cervical extraoral traction appliance. Uses a relatively light and flexible (0.045 inch; 1.15 mm) inner arch rigidly attached to a long outer bow.
appliance, labiolingual fixed orthodontic
n an appliance using the maxillary and mandibular first permanent molars as anchorage, with labial arches 0.036 to 0.040 inch (0.090 to 0.10 cm) in diameter introduced into horizontal buccal tubes attached to the anchor bands and lingual arches of the same diameter fitted into vertical or horizontal tubes fastened to the lingual side of the anchor bands.
appliance, obturator
n a dental prosthesis used to close an opening such as cleft palate.
appliance, orthodontic,
n a device used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral.
appliance, pin and tube fixed orthodontic,
n a labial arch with vertical posts that insert into tubes attached to bands on the teeth.
appliance, prosthetic
n an older term referring to a complete or partial denture for children when groups of teeth are lost or are congenitally missing. Used to maintain space or masticatory function or for aesthetic reasons.
appliance, removable orthodontic,
n an appliance designed so that it can be removed and replaced by the patient.
appliance, retaining orthodontic,
n an orthodontic device used to hold the teeth in place, following orthodontic tooth movement, until the occlusion is stabilized.
appliance, straight-wire fixed orthodontic,
n a variation of the edgewise appliance in which an effort is made to obviate the need for many arch-wire adjustments by reorientation of the arch-wire slots.
appliance, therapeutic,
n a vehicle used to transport and retain some agent for therapeutic purposes (e.g., a radium carrier).
appliance, twin-wire fixed orthodontic,
n an orthodontic appliance typically using a pair of 0.010-inch (0.25-mm) wires to form the midsection of the arch wire.
appliance, universal fixed orthodontic,
n an orthodontic appliance developed by S.R. Atkinson, combining some of the principles of edgewise and ribbon-arch appliances with very light arch wires.
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