applied research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.

applied research

Targeted research that applies results to a specific problem—e.g., studying the effects of different methods of antihypertensive therapy on rates of myocardial infarction. Applied research data are used in the real world, and often ask questions raised by policy makers.

Evaluation research, action research.

applied research

Clinical research Research that applies results to a specific problem–eg studying the effects of different methods of law enforcement on crime rates


(ri-serch') (re'serch?) [Fr. recercher, to go looking]
Scientific study, investigation, or experimentation to establish facts and analyze their significance.

applied research

Transitional research.

clinical research

Research based mainly on observation of the patient rather than on laboratory work. It is often used to determine the safety and effectiveness of treatments, the natural history of disease, or the conditions that predispose to illness.

comparative effectiveness research

Any head-to-head study of alternative solutions to managing a disease, esp. when such a study examines a broadly representative population of patients and follows them for a long enough time to determine meaningful outcomes. Its goal is to identify which treatment produces the best clinical outcomes for most patients, rather than which is better than a placebo or which influences a laboratory test or other surrogate marker without having an impact on the actual health or longevity of patients.

exempt research

1. Research on human subjects that poses minimal risk, e.g., anonymous surveys, observation in a public place, or analysis of secondary data.
2. Any research investigation that does not need to follow standard protocols or provide the usually expected protection to its subjects.

laboratory research

Research done principally in the laboratory.

longitudinal research

A long-term study of a cohort (a group of subjects born during a particular time period) that determines the natural history of an illness or the enduring effects of a treatment.

medical research

Research concerned with any phase of medical science.

nursing research

A formal, systematic, and rigorous process of inquiry used by nurses to generate and test the concepts and propositions that constitute middle-range nursing theories, which are derived from or linked with a conceptual model of nursing. The theories include: Grand: Health belief model; Transactional model of stress and coping; Life process interactive person-environment model; Roy adaptation model; Interacting systems conceptual framework. Middle-Range: Theory of self-care deficit; Theory of health promotion; Theory of self-regulation; Theory of uncertainty in illness; Theory of acute pain management; Theory of families, children, and chronic illness. Practice: Theory of interpersonal relations; Theory of representativeness heuristic; Theory of communicative action; Theory of clinical reasoning in nursing practice; Theory of end-of-life decision making.

outcomes research

An analysis of the value of provided health care services.
See: outcome criteria

participatory research

A community process in which a group of people takes an active role in defining their own health needs and devising means to meet them, including setting priorities for public health, controlling health-enhancing techniques, and evaluating results.

preembryo research

Research involving the use of the fertilized egg from its unicellular zygote stage until the embryo stage (the 14th day following fertilization). This includes studies of in vitro fertilization, conception, gene therapy, and studies of cancer.

transitional research

Scientific research that applies knowledge from fundamental research into, for example, biology, chemistry, or physics, to the solution of problems in agriculture, engineering, health care, industry, or pharmacology.
Synonym: applied research
References in periodicals archive ?
More basically, the split between social-science and applied research that concerns Nearon is not that problematic, at least not in accounting.
Although total industry R&D has indeed steadily risen since the mid-1990s, latest NSF figures show that gains in corporate applied research trail those in the basic research and product development categories.
Moore agrees--with one important caveat: The federal government should fund applied research that supports existing federal policy "but wouldn't happen without federal funding.
Applied Research Associates research offers scientific solutions for national defense, homeland security, aerospace, healthcare, transportation, and manufacturing.
The remaining funds are helping MaJIC to hire an applied research intern to assist in the development and implementation of MaJIC's business systems.
Applied research is one of the most important tools of the positive development of the Czech economy, the
COVENTRY University will next week open a new applied research centre promoting the study of children and family health and wellbeing.
com)-- Xenemetrix Inc and Eastern Applied Research Inc have agreed to proceed with the co-development of a new X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer that will meet the requirements of RoHS compliance testing needs.
Applied research in colleges bridges the gap between publicly-funded research and its practical and industrial application.
Workplace management and portfolio optimization are rated by senior-level corporate executives as the most important business practices for corporate real estate now and in the coming years, according to new research released by the CoreNet Global Applied Research Center during the Toronto Global Summit.
Applied Research Branch, Strategic Policy, Human Resources Development Canada, SP-569-03-03E

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