pupillary block

(redirected from aphakic pupillary block)

pupillary block

increased resistance to flow of aqueous humor through the pupil from the posterior chamber to the anterior chamber, leading to anterior bowing of the peripheral iris over the trabecular meshwork and to angle-closure glaucoma.

pu·pil·lar·y block

(pyū'pi-lār-ē blok)
Increased resistance to flow of aqueous humor through the pupil from the posterior chamber to the anterior chamber, leading to anterior bowing of the peripheral iris over the trabecular meshwork and to angle-closure glaucoma

pupillary block 

A blockage of the normal flow of aqueous humour from the posterior to the anterior chamber of the eye. It may be caused by a posterior annular synechia occurring during anterior uveitis, by luxation of the lens anteriorly occluding the pupil, or by adhesion of the iris to the vitreous or to the posterior capsule following extracapsular cataract extraction (called aphakic pupillary block). It may produce an attack of acute angle-closure glaucoma as the iris may be pushed forward blocking the drainage angle. Syn. pupil block. See iris bombé; seclusio pupillae.

pupillary

pertaining to or emanating from the pupil.

pupillary aperture
the pupil.
pupillary block
an obstruction to the flow of aqueous between the border of the pupil and the anterior capsule of the lens.
pupillary consensual light reflex
constriction of the pupil in the eye opposite to the one receiving an intensified beam of light, and reversal when the light is removed. The reflex is clearcut in humans and dogs but little used in food animals. Presence of the reflex is a guarantee of integrity of the optic pathways.
pupillary constriction
see miosis.
pupillary cyst
see iris cyst.
pupillary dilatation
pupillary light reflex
constriction of a dilated pupil in response to an increase in light intensity and a dilatation of a constricted pupil in response to a decrease in the intensity. Activity of the reflex indicates the efficiency of the retina, the optic and oculomotor nerves and the musculature of the iris.
pupillary membranectomy
a surgical technique for resection of an iridocapsular membrane, formed as a sequela to cataract surgery.
persistent pupillary membrane
nonvascular remnants of the tunica vasculosa lentis may extend across the iris or from the iris to the cornea, often producing a corneal opacity at the site. A common defect in dogs, particularly in Basenjis.
pupillary zone
the portion of iris closest to the pupillary border.