was closed primarily, air removal procedure via left atrial vent was performed and then cross clamp was removed.
System does not enlarge or expand the aortotomy
during coupler deployment,
was then performed to inspect and remove the thrombus.
An abnormal localization or an accessory origin of the coronary orifices may disturb performing an aortotomy
incision for aortic valve exposure, preparing a coronary button in root replacement, direct delivery of cardioplegia through the coronary orifices, and approaches for aortic root enlargement.
was made and a slit-like opening was visible in the right sinus of Valsalva, near the commisure of the right and left cusps, with communication into the pulmonary artery.
, it was seen that the one centimeter long mouth of the fistula was opening to right coronary ostium and the laceration was extending to the aorta (Fig.
, native aortic valve was explored revealing that it was bicuspid in nature with en bloc calcification.