antrectomy


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Related to antrectomy: dumping syndrome

antrectomy

 [an-trek´to-me]
surgical excision of an antrum.

an·trec·to·my

(an-trek'tō-mē),
Removal of a portion of the walls of the maxillary antrum. Removal of the antrum (distal half) of the stomach; often combined with bilateral excision of portions of vagus nerve trunks (vagectomy) in treatment of peptic ulcer. Reconstruction of the continuity of the alimentary tract can be by a gastroduodenostomy (Billroth I) or a loop gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II).
[antrum + G. ektomē, excision]

antrectomy

(ăn-trĕk′tə-mē)
n.
Surgical excision of an antrum, such as removal of the pyloric antrum of the stomach.

antrectomy

[antrek′təmē]
the surgical excision of the pylorus.

an·trec·to·my

(an-trek'tŏ-mē)
1. Removal of the walls of an antrum.
2. Removal of the antrum (distal half) of the stomach.
[antrum + G. ektomē, excision]

Antrectomy

A surgical procedure for ulcer disease in which the antrum, a portion of the stomach, is removed.
Mentioned in: Gastrectomy
References in periodicals archive ?
Cranford et al (14) suggested a two-stage surgery in the form of truncal vagotomy and antrectomy, along with tubal gastrostomy, duodenostomy, and jejunostomy, followed by restoration of gastrointestinal continuity after 3 to 4 weeks.
The first recorded instance of intraoperative testing may be the electromotor test developed by Burge and Vane in 1958 (1) to assess the completeness of vagotomy in patients undergoing antrectomy because of gastric ulcer disease.
His aggressive surgical approach involved 6 major peritonectomies: 1) omentectomy, splenectomy; 2) left upper-quadrant stripping; 3) right upper-quadrant stripping; 4) lesser omentectomy and cholecystectomy; 5) pelvic peritoneal stripping, hysterectomy, sigmoid colectomy; and 6) antrectomy.
The patient was admitted to the hospital, where she received multiple transfusions for symptomatic anemia and eventually underwent gastric antrectomy to control the hemorrhage.