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Antivenin Toxicology A vehicle that contains an antibody or other substance that binds specifically to a toxin, deactivating it


, antivenene, antivenom (ant″i-ven′ĭn) (ant″ve″nēn′) (ant″ven′ŏm) [ anti- + venin, venom]
A serum that contains antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom. Antivenin is prepared from the sera of immunized animals.

Patient care

Antivenins are foreign proteins that often induce allergic reactions in patients who receive them. The likelihood of allergic reactions is reduced by prior administration of epinephrine.

black widow spider antivenin

Antitoxic serum obtained from horses immunized against the venom of the black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans) and used specifically to treat bites of the black widow spider. The serum is available from Merck Co., Inc., West Point, PA 19486.

(Crotalidae) polyvalent antivenin

Anti-snakebite serum obtained from serum of horses immunized against venom of four types of pit vipers of the family Crotalidae: Crotalus atrox, C. adamanteus, C. terrificus, and Bothrops atrox .


References in periodicals archive ?
Both our patients had deranged coagulation profiles that improved within 24 hours of antivenom therapy consistent with VICC and the subsequent clinical pictures were consistent with thrombotic microangiopathy.
Olguya antivenom yapilmasini (Serum antiscorpionique (labs 50)[R]) takiben yogun bakim unitesinde izleme alindi.
This antivenom helps give Papua New Guineans that chance," he explained.
In the Arizona bark scorpion study, eight children were given the antivenom.
Fortunately, if victims of such snakebites are transported rapidly to a hospital, it is not the end for them just because there is no antivenom available.
Following this line of reasoning, one might think that the antivenom increases my power in the sense that it causes changes in my body which provide me with the capacity to act from my conatus, my essential causal powers, at a future time.
Four vials of crotalidae polyvalent immune fab (ovine) antivenom were administered over one hour.
Hospital officials say they see about five snakebite victims a year, most of whom can be treated without antivenom.
He called another hospital to have antivenom delivered to him.
It takes six days and you have to carry your own food, sleeping bag and emergency equipment including antivenom for snakebites.
A cobra bite that is not treated with antivenom can kill someone in 15 minutes.